Reactive Nitrogen Species (RNS) in Plants Under Physiological and Adverse Environmental Conditions: Current View

Part of the Progress in Botany book series (BOTANY, volume 78)


Nitric oxide ( · NO) and derived molecules, referred to as reactive nitrogen species (RNS), have become a new area of plant research. These molecules are involved in almost all physiological plant processes, ranging from seed germination, development, senescence, stomatal movement, fruit ripening, and reproduction to mechanisms of response to adverse environmental conditions possibly associated with nitro-oxidative stress. · NO can perform a dual function depending on its rate of production; at low concentrations, it acts as a signal molecule and, at high concentrations, like a stress molecule. Although in some cases the simultaneous high · NO production with other reactive oxygen species (ROS) can be useful to the cells as mechanism of defense, for example, against pathogens. All these processes are usually mediated by the chemical interactions of · NO whose functions are affected by other molecules. It is worth pointing out that the post-translational modifications of target proteins caused by nitration and S-nitrosylation have been best described in plants. However, · NO can also regulate gene expression through direct interaction with DNA or through interaction with transcription factors. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the role played by RNS in the physiology of plants and their involvement in the mechanism of response to a diverse range of adverse environmental conditions.


Nitric Oxide Reactive Nitrogen Species Adverse Environmental Condition Lateral Root Formation Protein Nitration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Work in my laboratory is supported by ERDF co-financed grants from the Ministry of Science and Innovation (Recupera 2020-20134R056) and the Junta de Andalucía (group BIO192) in Spain.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Group of Antioxidants, Free Radicals and Nitric Oxide in Biotechnology, Food and Agriculture, Department of Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology of PlantsEstación Experimental del Zaidín, CSICGranadaSpain

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