Motion Detection in Complex and Dynamic Backgrounds
For the detection of moving objects, background subtraction methods are widely used. In case the background changes, we need to update the background in real-time for the reliable detection of foreground objects. An adaptive Gaussian mixture model (GMM) combined with probabilistic learning is one of the most popular methods for the real-time update of the complex and dynamic background. However, the probabilistic learning approach does not work well in high traffic regions. In this paper, we classify each pixel into four different types: still background, dynamic background, moving object, and still object, and update the background model based on the classification. For the classification, we analyze a sequence of frame differences at each pixel and its neighborhood. We experimentally show that the proposed method learn complex and dynamic backgrounds in high traffic regions more reliably, compared with traditional methods.
KeywordsGaussian Mixture Model Background Model Motion Detection Foreground Object Dynamic Background
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