A Digital Library for Preservation of Folklore Crafts, Skills, and Rituals and Its Role in Folklore Education

  • Yung-Fu Chen
  • Po-Chou Chan
  • Kuo-Hsien Huang
  • Hsuan-Hung Lin
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4312)


The importance of folklore can be manifested by Alan Jabbour’s speech in the 100th anniversary of American Folklore Society-“folklore reflects on the ancestral missions that have shapes us, the inherited values that we reflect and must radiate into the future”. Currently, most of the digital preservation projects focus mainly on digitizing artifacts, in which the crafts of how to make them and skills of how to use them are neglected. Besides, folklore and religious rituals embed spiritual meanings. Step-by-step procedure of a ritual is not trivial for a people or a religion. The motivation of this project are manifested in three aspects: (1) folklore crafts, skills, and rituals play the same important roles in preserving our ancestor’s wisdom in addition to folklore artifacts; (2) media richness facilitates learning of courses with high uncertainty and equivocality; and (3) e-learning with interactive videos gains more learner satisfaction than non-interactive and traditional classroom learning according to recent studies. In this paper, video clips are used for recording step-by-step crafts, skills, and rituals. The metadata used here are modified from our previous work regarding digital preservation of Taiwanese folklore artifacts by emphasizing the “Relation” element in linking individual steps together. A website served as an extension to digital library of folklore artifacts has been constructed to be used as an e-learning platform for folklore education in obligatory and higher education. The system not only constructs a digital library for folklore preservation but provides instructional interactive materials with media richness to support a more effective method for folklore education than non-interactive or traditional classroom learning.


Video Clip Digital Library Media Richness Interactive Video Digital Preservation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Day, M.: Metadata-Mapping between Metadata Formats, available at: http://ukolon.ac.uk/metadata/
  2. 2.
    Chan, P.C., Chen, Y.F., Huang, K.H., Lin, H.H.: Digital Content Development of Taiwanese Folklore Artifacts. In: Fox, E.A., Neuhold, E.J., Premsmit, P., Wuwongse, V. (eds.) ICADL 2005. LNCS, vol. 3815, pp. 90–99. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang, J.H.T., Chan, P.C., Chen, Y.F., Huang, K.H.: Implementation and Evaluation of Interactive Online Video Learning for Childcare SOPs. WSEAS Transations on Computers 5, 2799–2806 (2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sun, P.C., Cheng, H.K.: The design of instructional multimedia in e-Learning: A media richness theory-based approach. Computers and Education (in press, 2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhang, D., Zhou, L., Briggs, R.O., Nunamarjer, J.F.: Instructional video in e-learning: Assessing the impact of interactive video on learning effectiveness. Information & Management 43, 15–27 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bronner, S.J.: The Meanings of Tradition: An Introduction. West Folk 59, 87–104 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Randall, M.: Unsubstantiated belief: What we assume as truth, and how we use those assumptions. J. Am. Folk 117, 288–295 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Flaherty, G.: The learning curve: Why textbook teaching doesn’t work for all kids. Teaching Today 67, 32–33 (1992)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Reiff, J.C.: Learning styles: What research says to the teacher series. National Education Association, Washington (1992)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jensen, E.: Teaching with the brain in mind, The Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, VA (1998)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fauth, B.: Linking the visual arts with drama, movement, and dance for the young child. In: Stinson, W.J. (ed.) Moving and learning for the young child, American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Reston, VA (1990)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    National Dance Association: Dance education. A lifetime of experiences. The American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, Reston, VA (1996)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Diamond, M.: Enriching learning, Macmillan, NY (1988)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yung-Fu Chen
    • 1
  • Po-Chou Chan
    • 2
  • Kuo-Hsien Huang
    • 2
  • Hsuan-Hung Lin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Health Services ManagementChina Medical UniversityTaichung
  2. 2.Department of Management Information SystemsCentral Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaichungTaiwan, ROC

Personalised recommendations