UN/CEFACT’S Modeling Methodology (UMM): A UML Profile for B2B e-Commerce

  • B. Hofreiter
  • C. Huemer
  • P. Liegl
  • R. Schuster
  • M. Zapletal
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4231)


The United Nation’s Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) is an e-business standardization body. It is known from its work on UN/EDIFACT and ebXML. One of its on-going work items is the UN/CEFACT modeling methodology (UMM) for modeling global choreographies of B2B scenarios. The goal of UMM is defining a shared business logic between business partners and fostering reuse of standardized process building blocks. The latest UMM version is defined as a UML 1.4 profile. In this paper we introduce the main concepts of UMM to realize its vision. Furthermore, the paper elaborates on the necessary UML meta model work-arounds we – as part of the specification’s editing team – took in order to accomplish the B2B requirements. Then we propose a move towards UML 2 that eliminates some of those workarounds.


Business Process Business Partner Business Transaction Business Process Execution Language Business Entity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    UN/CEFACT Techniques and Methodologies Group: UN/CEFACT’s Modeling Methodology (UMM), UMM Meta Model - Foundation Module. Candidate for 1.0, Final Working Draft (2006), http://www.unece.org/cefact/umm/UMM_Foundation_Module.pdf
  2. 2.
    Object Management Group (OMG): Unified Modeling Language Specification, Version 1.4.2 (2005), http://www.omg.org/docs/formal/05-04-01.pdf
  3. 3.
    Arkin, A.: Business Process Modeling Language (BPML). Technical report (2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    BEA, IBM, Microsoft, SAP AG and Siebel Systems: Business Process Execution Language for Web Services, Version 1.1 (2003), ftp://www6.software.ibm.com/software/developer/library/ws-bpel.pdf
  5. 5.
    World Wide Web Consortium (W3C): Web Services Choreography Description Language, Version 1.0 (2005), http://www.w3.org/TR/ws-cdl-10/
  6. 6.
    UN/CEFACT Techniques and Methodologies Group: UN/CEFACT - ebXML Business Process Specification Schema, Version 1.10 (2003), http://www.untmg.org/dmdocuments/BPSS_v110_2003_10_18.pdf
  7. 7.
    ISO: Open-edi Reference Model. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC30 ISO Standard 14662 (1995)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Penker, M., Penker, M., Eriksson, H.E.: Business Modeling With UML: Business Patterns at Work. Wiley, Chichester (2000)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vasconcelos, A., Caetano, A., Neves, J., Sinogas, P., Mendes, R., Tribolet, J.: A framework for modeling strategy, business processes and information systems. In: EDOC 2001: Proceedings of the 5th IEEE International Conference on Enterprise Distributed Object Computing. IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos (2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    List, B., Korherr, B.: A uml 2 profile for business process modelling. In: Akoka, J., Liddle, S.W., Song, I.-Y., Bertolotto, M., Comyn-Wattiau, I., van den Heuvel, W.-J., Kolp, M., Trujillo, J., Kop, C., Mayr, H.C. (eds.) ER Workshops 2005. LNCS, vol. 3770, pp. 85–96. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gardner, T.: UML Modelling of Automated Business Processes with a Mapping to BPEL4WS. In: 1st European Workshop on Object Orientation and Web Services (EOOWS 2003). Springer, Heidelberg (2003)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Thöne, S., Depke, R., Engels, G.: Process-oriented, flexible composition of web services with uml. In: Conceptual Modeling - ER 2002, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Conceptual Modeling. LNCS. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jung, J.Y., Hur, W., Kang, S.H., Kim, H.: Business process choreography for b2b collaboration. IEEE Internet Computing 8(1), 37–45 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kramler, G., Kapsammer, E., Kappel, G., Retschitzegger, W.: Towards Using UML 2 for Modelling Web Service Collaboration Protocols. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Interoperability of Enterprise Software and Applications, INTEROP-ESA 2005 (2005)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hofreiter, B., Huemer, C.: Transforming UMM Business Collaboration Models to BPEL. In: Meersman, R., Tari, Z., Corsaro, A. (eds.) OTM-WS 2004. LNCS, vol. 3292, pp. 507–519. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hofreiter, B., Huemer, C., Kim, J.H.: Choreography of ebXML business collaborations. In: Information Systems and e-Business Management (ISeB). Springer, Heidelberg (2006)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    RosettaNet: RosettaNet Implementation Framework: Core Specification, V02.00.01 (2002), http://www.rosettanet.org/rnif
  18. 18.
    UN/CEFACT Techniques and Methodologies Group: Core Components Technical Specification - Part 8 of the ebXML Framework. Version 2.01 (2003), http://www.unece.org/cefact/ebxml/CCTS_V2-01_Final.pdf
  19. 19.
    UN/CEFACT Techniques and Methodologies Group: UML Profile for Core Components based on CCTS 2.01. Candidate for Version 1.0 (2006)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Object Management Group (OMG): Unified Modeling Language Specification. Version 2.0 (2007), http://www.omg.org/docs/formal/05-07-04.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Hofreiter
    • 1
  • C. Huemer
    • 1
    • 3
  • P. Liegl
    • 2
  • R. Schuster
    • 2
  • M. Zapletal
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Vienna 
  2. 2.Research Studios Austria DME 
  3. 3.Vienna University of Technology 

Personalised recommendations