Multi-channel Support for Dense Wireless Sensor Networking

  • Ozlem Durmaz Incel
  • Stefan Dulman
  • Pierre Jansen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4272)


Currently, most wireless sensor network applications assume the presence of single-channel Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols. When sensor nodes are densely deployed, single-channel MAC protocols may be inadequate due to the higher demand for the limited bandwidth. To overcome this drawback, we propose multiple channel support for improving the performance. Our method allows the nodes to utilize new frequency channels which results in the significant increase on the number of nodes that are granted access to the wireless medium. The method requires only one half-duplex transceiver per node, which is capable of sending and receiving over distinguished frequency channels. Simulation results show that, method successfully utilizes multiple channels and increases the performance proportional to the number of available frequencies for an example single-channel MAC protocol, LMAC.


Sensor Node Wireless Sensor Network Medium Access Control Sink Node Active Node 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Akyildiz, I.F., Su, W., Sankarasubramaniam, Y., Cayirci, E.: A survey on sensor networks. IEEE Communications Magazine 40, 102–114 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gang Zhou, J.S., Son, S.: Crowded spectrum in wireless sensor networks. In: EmNets 2006: Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Embedded Networked Sensors (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ambient-systems products line-up (2006),
  4. 4.
    Cc2420, 2.4 ghz, ieee 802.15.4, zigbee-ready rf transceiver (2006),
  5. 5.
    van Hoesel, L., Nieberg, T., Wu, J., Havinga, P.: Prolonging the lifetime of wireless sensor networks by cross layer interaction. IEEE Wireless Communication Magazine 11, 78–86 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    van Hoesel, L., Havinga, P.: A lightweight medium access protocol (LMAC) for wireless sensor networks. In: Proceedings of INSS 2004, Tokyo, Japan (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nasipuri, A., Zhuang, J., Das, S.: A multichannel csma-mac protocol for multihop wireless networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC 1999), pp. 1402–1406 (1999)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    So, J., Vaidya, N.H.: Multi-channel mac for ad hoc networks: handling multi-channel hidden terminals using a single transceiver. In: Proceedings of the 5th ACM international symposium on Mobile ad hoc networking and computing (MobiHoc 2004), pp. 222–233 (2004)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jain, N., Das, S., Nasipuri, A.: A multichannel csma mac protocol with receiver-based channel selection for multihop wireless networks. In: Proceedings of the IEEE IC3N, pp. 432–439 (2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lin, C.-Y.: A multi-channel mac protocol with power control for multi-hop mobile ad hoc networks. In: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCSW 2001), p. 419 (2001)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Roy, S., Das, A., Vijayakumar, R., Alazemi, H., Ma, H., Alotaibi, E.: Capacity Scaling with Multiple Radios and Multiple Channels in Wireless Mesh Networks. In: Proceedings of the First IEEE Workshop on Wireless Mesh Networks(WiMesh) (2005)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    So, H.S.W., Walrand, J.: Design of a multi-channel mac protocol for ad hoc wireless networks. Technical Report UCB/EECS-2006-17, EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley (2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mo, J., Sheung, H., So, W., Walrand, J.: Comparison of multichannel mac protocols. In: Proceedings of the 8-th ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems, pp. 209–218 (2005)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhou, G., Huang, C., Yan, T., He, T., Stankovic, J.A., Abdelzaher, T.F.: Mmsn: Multi-frequency media access control for wireless sensor networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (2006)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ieee 802.15 wpan task group (2006),
  16. 16.
    Elson, J., Estrin, D.: Time synchronization for wireless sensor networks. In: IPDPS 2001: Proceedings of the 15th International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium, p. 186 (2001)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Elson, J., Roemer, K.: Wireless sensor networks: a new regime for time synchronization. SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 33, 149–154 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Varga, A.: Omnet++ community site (2006)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Estrin, D., Govindan, R., Heidemann, J., Kumar, S.: Next century challenges: scalable coordination in sensor networks. In: MobiCom 1999: Proceedings of the 5th annual ACM/IEEE international conference on Mobile computing and networking, pp. 263–270 (1999)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Demirkol, I., Ersoy, C., Alagoz, F.: Mac protocols for wireless sensor networks: a survey. IEEE Communications Magazine 44, 115–121 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ozlem Durmaz Incel
    • 1
  • Stefan Dulman
    • 1
  • Pierre Jansen
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations