Generalized Logit Model of Demand Systems for Energy Forecasting
A number of different versions of the Generalized Logit (GL) model have been applied in the literature, and the primary objective of the paper is to determine which one is the best. Using annual data for energy demand in the USA at the state level, the final model selected is similar to a simple form that was originally proposed by Considine and Mount (1984). A second objective of the paper is to demonstrate that the estimated elasticities are sensitive to the units specified for prices, and to show how price scales should be estimated as part of the model. The GL models of demand systems for energy and other factors have been shown to work well in comparison with other popular models, such as the Almost Ideal Demand System and the TransLog model. The main reason is that the derived price elasticities are robust when expenditure shares are small.
KeywordsPrice Elasticity Demand System Residential Sector Expenditure Share Ideal Demand System
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