Group Collaboration Support in Learning Mathematics

  • Tomoko Kojiri
  • Yosuke Murase
  • Toyohide Watanabe
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4252)


Our objective is to construct the effective collaborative learning support environment. Students acquire knowledge from their activities in a group. On the contrary, a group activity is composed of learning activities of individual students. So, in our approach two support mechanisms are introduced: the mechanism which assists a group to accomplish a group task by generating hints for deriving answers, and the mechanism which promotes individual students in the group activity by pointing out differences between group’s opinions and student’s opinion privately. In this paper, we focus on learning collaboratively mathematical exercises and implemented these support mechanisms in mathematics by using diagrams effectively. Our experimental results make it clear that our mechanisms could promote the group discussion so as to derive answers and urge students to join into the group discussion positively.


Group Activity Collaborative Learning Learn Mathematic Computer Support Cooperative Work Computer Support Collaborative Learn 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Dillenbourg, P. (ed.): Collaborative Learning – Cognitive and Computational Approaches. Elsevies Science Ltd. (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Koschmann, T. (ed.): CSCL: Theory and Practice of an Emerging Paradigm. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, Mahwah (1996)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hesse, F.W., Hron, A.: Dialogue Structuring in Computer Supported Synchronous Discussion Groups. In: Proc. of ICCE 1999, vol. 1, pp. 350–355 (1999)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Inaba, A., Ohkubo, R., Ikeda, M., Mizoguchi, R.: Models and Vocabulary to Represent Learner-to-Learner Interaction Process in Collaborative Learning. In: Proc. of ICCE 2003, pp. 1088–1096 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Adelsberger, H.H., Collis, B., Pawlowski, J.M. (eds.): Handbook on Information Technologies for Education and Training. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Carroll, J.M., Neale, D.C., Isenhour, P.L., Rosson, M.B., McCrickard, D.S.: Notification and Awareness: Synchronizing Task-oriented Collaborative Activity. Trans. on Human-Computer Studies 58, 605–632 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nakamura, M., Otsuki, S.: Group Learning Environment Based on Hypothesis Generation and Inference Externalization. In: Proc. of ICCE 1998, vol. 2, pp. 535–538 (1998)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Constantino-Gonzlez, M.A., Suthers, D.D.: A Coached Collaborative Learning Environment for Entity-Relationship Modeling. In: Gauthier, G., VanLehn, K., Frasson, C. (eds.) ITS 2000. LNCS, vol. 1839, pp. 324–333. Springer, Heidelberg (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ito, T., Ohnishi, N., Sugie, N.: Problem Solving SCRIPT and Clarification of Drawings for Explaining Drawing Process (in Japanese). Trans. on IEICE, D-II J77-D-II(4), 811–822 (1994)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Murase, Y., Kojiri, T., Watanabe, T.: Dynamic Generation of Diagrams for Supporting Solving Process of Mathematical Exercises. In: Khosla, R., Howlett, R.J., Jain, L.C. (eds.) KES 2005. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 3682, pp. 673–680. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kojiri, T., Watanabe, T.: Agent-oriented Support Environment in Web-based Collaborative Learning. Journal of Universal Computer Science 7(3), 226–329 (2001)MATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoko Kojiri
    • 1
  • Yosuke Murase
    • 2
  • Toyohide Watanabe
    • 2
  1. 1.Information Technology CenterNagoya University 
  2. 2.Graduate School of Information ScienceNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

Personalised recommendations