Constructing Design Representations

  • Rudi Stouffs
  • Albert ter Haar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4200)


Supporting the early phases of design requires, among others, support for the specification and use of multiple and evolving representations, and for the exchange of information between these representations. We consider a complex adaptive system as a model for the development of design representations, and present a semi-constructive algebraic formalism for design representations, termed sorts, as a candidate for supporting this approach. We analyze sorts with respect to the requirements of a complex adaptive system and compare it to other representational formalisms that consider a constructive approach to representations.


Design Representation Building Information Model Complex Adaptive System Design Space Exploration Data Entity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    AIA Model Support Group: IFC2x Edition 3. International Alliance for Interoperability (2006) (May 1, 2006),
  2. 2.
    Aït-Kaci, H.: A lattice theoretic approach to computation based on a calculus of partially ordered type structures (property inheritance, semantic nets, graph unification). Ph.D. Diss. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (1984)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baader, F., Calvanese, D., McGuinness, D., Nardi, D., Patel-Schneider, P.: The Description Logic Handbook: Theory, Implementation and Applications. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2003)MATHGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Datta, S.: Modeling dialogue with mixed initiative in design space exploration. Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing 20, 129–142 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dooley, K.J.: A complex adaptive systems model of organization change. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences 1, 69–97 (1997)CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kooistra, J.: Flowing. Systems Research and Behavioral Science 19, 123–127 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Krishnamurti, R., Stouffs, R.: The boundary of a shape and its classification. The Journal of Design Research 4(1) (2004)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Manola, F., Miller, E. (eds.): RDF Primer. W3C World Wide Web Consortium (2004) (May 1, 2006),
  9. 9.
    Park, K., Krishnamurti, R.: Flexible design representation for construction. In: Lee, H.S., Choi, J.W. (eds.) CAADRIA 2004, pp. 671–680. Yonsei University Press, Seoul (2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Park, K., Krishnamurti, R.: The digital diary of a building. In: Bhatt, A. (ed.) CAADRIA 2005, vol. 2, pp. 15–25. TVB School of Habitat Studies, New Delhi (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Prigogine, I., Stengers, I.: Order out of Chaos. Bantam Books, New York (1984)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Stiny, G.: Weights. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 19, 413–430 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stouffs, R., Krishnamurti, R.: On a query language for weighted geometries. In: Moselhi, O., Bedard, C., Alkass, S. (eds.) Third Canadian Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, pp. 783–793. Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, Montreal (1996)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stouffs, R., Krishnamurti, R.: The extensibility and applicability of geometric representations. In: Architecture proceedings of 3rd Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Conference, pp. 436–452. Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven (1996)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Stouffs, R., Krishnamurti, R., Cumming, M.: Mapping design information by manipulating representational structures. In: Akın, Ö., Krishnamurti, R., Lam, K.P. (eds.) Generative CAD Systems, School of Architecture, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, pp. 387–400 (2004)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Stouffs, R., Krishnamurti, R., Eastman, C.M.: A Formal Structure for Nonequivalent Solid Representations. In: Finger, S., Mäntylä, M., Tomiyama, T. (eds.) Proc. IFIP WG 5.2 Workshop on Knowledge Intensive CAD II. IFIP WG 5.2, Pittsburgh, PA, pp. 269–289 (1996)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    van Leeuwen, J.P., Hendrickx, A., Fridqvist, S.: Towards dynamic information modelling in architectural design. In: Proc. CIB-W78 International Conference IT in Construction in Africa, pp. 19.1–19.14. CSIR, Pretoria (2001)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Woodbury, R., Burrow, A., Datta, S., Chang, T.: Typed feature structures and design space exploration. Artificial Intelligence in Design, Engineering and Manufacturing 13, 287–302 (1999)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudi Stouffs
    • 1
  • Albert ter Haar
    • 1
  1. 1.Design Informatics Chair, Dept. of Building Technology, Faculty of ArchitectureDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations