A Decision Tree-Based Method for Speech Processing: Question Sentence Detection
Retrieving pertinent parts of a meeting or a conversation recording can help for automatic summarization or indexing of the document. In this paper, we deal with an original task, almost never presented in the literature, which consists in automatically extracting questions utterances from a recording. In a first step, we have tried to develop and evaluate a question extraction system which uses only acoustic parameters and does not need any textual information from a speech-to-text automatic recognition system (called ASR system for Automatic Speech Recognition in the speech processing domain) output. The parameters used are extracted from the intonation curve of the speech utterance and the classifier is a decision tree. Our first experiments on French meeting recordings lead to approximately 75% classification rate. An experiment in order to find the best set of acoustic parameters for this task is also presented in this paper. Finally, data analysis and experiments on another French dialog database show the need of using other cues like the lexical information from an ASR output, in order to improve question detection performance on spontaneous speech.
KeywordsAutomatic Speech Recognition Acoustic Parameter Spontaneous Speech Speech Corpus Pitch Period
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