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A Semantic Fusion Approach Between Medical Images and Reports Using UMLS

  • Daniel Racoceanu
  • Caroline Lacoste
  • Roxana Teodorescu
  • Nicolas Vuillemenot
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4182)

Abstract

One of the main challenges in content-based image retrieval still remains to bridge the gap between low-level features and semantic information. In this paper, we present our first results concerning a medical image retrieval approach using a semantic medical image and report indexing within a fusion framework, based on the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) metathesaurus. We propose a structured learning framework based on Support Vector Machines to facilitate modular design and extract medical semantics from images. We developed two complementary visual indexing approaches within this framework: a global indexing to access image modality, and a local indexing to access semantic local features. Visual indexes and textual indexes – extracted from medical reports using MetaMap software application – constitute the input of the late fusion module. A weighted vectorial norm fusion algorithm allows the retrieval system to increase its meaningfulness, efficiency and robustness. First results on the CLEF medical database are presented. The important perspectives of this approach in terms of semantic query expansion and data-mining are discussed.

Keywords

Medical Image Image Retrieval Medical Report Query Expansion Image Indexing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Racoceanu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Caroline Lacoste
    • 1
  • Roxana Teodorescu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Nicolas Vuillemenot
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.IPAL-Image Perception, Access and Language – UMI-CNRS 2955, Institute for Infocomm ResearchA*STARSingapore
  2. 2.University of Franche-ComteBesanconFrance
  3. 3.“Politehnica” University from TimisoaraRomania
  4. 4.Ecole Nationale Superieure de Mecaniques et Microtechniques de BesanconFrance

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