A Visualization Framework for the Modeling and Formal Analysis of High Assurance Systems

  • Heather Goldsby
  • Betty H. C. Cheng
  • Sascha Konrad
  • Stephane Kamdoum
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4199)


Increasingly, object-oriented technology, specifically the Unified Modeling Language (UML), is being used to develop critical embedded systems. Several efforts have attempted to translate UML models into formal specification languages, thus enabling the models to be analyzed by model checkers. Unfortunately, the complexity and volume of the analysis results often prevents developers from fully taking advantage of the analysis capabilities. This paper introduces a generic visualization framework, Theseus, that provides developers with a model-based, visual interpretation of the analysis results in terms of the original UML diagrams. Within this framework, a playback mechanism displays the execution path that has led to a model checking violation in terms of the original UML state diagram and a newly generated sequence diagram that depicts the problem scenario. A Theseus prototype supporting the Spin and SMV model checkers has been applied to the analysis of UML models for embedded systems from industry.


Model Checker Embed System Sequence Diagram State Diagram Natural Language Sentence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Douglass, B.P.: Real-Time Design Patterns. Addison-Wesley, Reading (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Object Management Group,
  3. 3.
    McUmber, W.E., Cheng, B.H.C.: A general framework for formalizing UML with formal languages. In: Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Software Engineering (ICSE 2001), Toronto, Canada (2001)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lilius, J., Paltor, I.P.: vUML: A tool for verifying UML models. In: Proc. of the 14th IEEE Int. Conf. on Automated Software Engineering, Washington (1999)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tanuan, M.C.: Automated Analysis of Unifed Modeling Language (UML) Specifications. Master’s thesis, University of Waterloo, Canada (2001)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Inverardi, P., Muccini, H., Pelliccione, P.: CHARMY: An Extensible Tool for Architectural Analysis. In: ESEC/FSE-13: Proc. of the 10th European Software Engineering Conf. held jointly with 13th ACM SIGSOFT Int. Symposium on Foundations of Software Engineering (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Holzmann, G.: The Spin Model Checker (2003)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    McMillan, K.L.: Getting started with SMV (1999)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    IBM: Rational Rose XDE Developer (2005),
  10. 10.
    Telelogic: ObjectGEODE (2005),
  11. 11.
    I-logix (2005),
  12. 12.
    ARTiSAN Software: Real-time Studio (2005),
  13. 13.
    Ho, W.M., Jézéquel, J.M., Guennec, A.L., Pennaneac, F.: UMLAUT: an extendible UML transformation framework. In: Proc. of the Automated Software Engineering Conf., Florida (1999)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nickel, U., Niere, J., Zündorf, A.: The FUJABA environment. In: Proc. of the 22nd Int. Conf. on Software Engineering, pp. 742–745. ACM Press, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Konrad, S., Cheng, B.H.C., Campbell, L.A.: Object Analysis Patterns for Embedded Systems. IEEE Trans. on Software Engineering 30(12), 970–992 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Konrad, S., Cheng, B.H.C.: Facilitating the construction of specification pattern-based properties. In: Proc. of the IEEE Int. Requirements Engineering Conf (RE 2005), Paris, France (2005)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Konrad, S., Cheng, B.H.C.: Automated analysis of natural language properties for UML models. In: Bruel, J.-M. (ed.) MoDELS 2005. LNCS, vol. 3844, pp. 48–57. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Manna, Z., Pnueli, A.: The temporal logic of reactive and concurrent systems. Springer, New York (1992)Google Scholar
  19. 19. ArgoUML: The project home (2005),
  20. 20.
    Gamma, E., Helm, R., Johnson, R., Vlissides, J.: Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software. Addison-Wesley, Reading (1994)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Konrad, S., Cheng, B.H.C.: Real-time specification patterns. In: Proc. of the Int. Conf. on Software Engineering (ICSE 2005), St Louis, MO, USA (2005)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dwyer, M.B., Avrunin, G.S., Corbett, J.C.: Patterns in property specifications for finite-state verification. In: Proc. of the 21st Int. Conf. on Software Engineering, pp. 411–420. IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    McMillan, K.L.: Symbolic Model Checking. PhD thesis, Carnegie Mellon University (1993)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kamdoum, S.: Facilitating the roundtrip engineering of model-driven software architecture. Master’s thesis, Michigan State University (2006)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pettersson, P., Larsen, K.G.: Uppaal2k. Bulletin of the European Association for Theoretical Computer Science 70, 40–44 (2000)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mikk, E., Lakhnech, Y., Siegel, M., Holzmann, G.J.: Implementing statecharts in promela/spin. In: WIFT 1998: Proc. of the Second IEEE Workshop on Industrial Strength Formal Specification Techniques, p. 90 (1998)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Crane, M.L., Dingel, J.: UML vs. classical vs. Rhapsody statecharts: Not all models are created equal. In: Proc. of the ACM/IEEE 8th Int. Conf. on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems (2005)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Knapp, A., Merz, S., Rauh, C.: Model checking timed UML state machines and collaborations. In: Damm, W., Olderog, E.-R. (eds.) FTRTFT 2002. LNCS, vol. 2469, pp. 395–414. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bozga, M., Daws, C., Maler, O., Olivero, A., Tripakis, S., Yovine, S.: Kronos: a model-checking tool for real-time systems. In: Proc. of the 10th Conference on Computer-Aided Verification (1998)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather Goldsby
    • 1
  • Betty H. C. Cheng
    • 1
  • Sascha Konrad
    • 1
  • Stephane Kamdoum
    • 1
  1. 1.Software Engineering and Network Systems Laboratory, Department of Computer Science and EngineeringMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Personalised recommendations