Lexicon Convergence in a Population With and Without Metacommunication
How does a shared lexicon arise in population of agents with differing lexicons, and how can this shared lexicon be maintained over multiple generations? In order to get some insight into these questions we present an ALife model in which the lexicon dynamics of populations that possess and lack metacommunicative interaction (MCI) capabilities are compared. We suggest that MCI serves as a key component in the maintenance of a linguistic interaction system. We ran a series of experiments on mono-generational and multi-generational populations whose initial state involved agents possessing distinct lexicons. These experiments reveal some clear differences in the lexicon dynamics of populations that acquire words solely by introspection contrasted with populations that learn using MCI or using a mixed strategy of introspection and MCI. Over a single generation the performance between the populations with and without MCI is comparable, in that the lexicon converges and is shared by the whole population. In multi-generational populations lexicon diverges at a faster rate for an introspective population, eventually consisting of one word being associated with every meaning, compared with MCI capable populations in which the lexicon is maintained, where every meaning is associated with a unique word.
KeywordsAdult Agent Hybrid Population Association Score Conversational Interaction Infant Agent
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 4.Kirby, S.: Syntax without natural selection: how compositionality emerges from vocabulary in a population of learners. In: Knight, C., Studdert-Kennedy, M., Hurford, J.R. (eds.) The Evolutionary Emergence of Language: Social Function and the Origins of Linguistic Form, pp. 303–323. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 5.Ginzburg, J., Sag, I.A.: Interrogative Investigations: the form, meaning and use of English Interrogatives. CSLI Lecture Notes, vol. 123. CSLI Publications, Stanford, California (2000)Google Scholar
- 7.Deutscher, G.: The Unfolding of Language: an evolutionary tour of mankind’s greatest invention. Metropolitan Books, New York (2005)Google Scholar
- 8.Ginzburg, J., Macura, Z.: Lexical acquisition with and without metacommunication. In: Lyon, C., Nehaniv, C.L., Cangelosi, A. (eds.) Emergence of Communication and Language. Springer, London (in press)Google Scholar
- 12.Epstein, J.M., Axtell, R.: Growing Artificial Societies: Social science from the bottom up. MIT Press, Cambridge (1996)Google Scholar
- 13.Acerbi, A., Parisi, D.: Cultural transmission between and within generations. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 9(1) (2006)Google Scholar
- 14.Vogt, P., Coumans, H.: Investigating social interaction strategies for bootstrapping lexicon development. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 6(1) (2003)Google Scholar
- 15.Vogt, P.: Stability conditions in the evolution of compositional languages: issues in scaling population sizes. In: Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems (in press)Google Scholar