Sequence Discrimination Using Phase-Type Distributions

  • Jérôme Callut
  • Pierre Dupont
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/11871842_12

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4212)
Cite this paper as:
Callut J., Dupont P. (2006) Sequence Discrimination Using Phase-Type Distributions. In: Fürnkranz J., Scheffer T., Spiliopoulou M. (eds) Machine Learning: ECML 2006. ECML 2006. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 4212. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Abstract

We propose in this paper a novel approach to the classification of discrete sequences. This approach builds a model fitting some dynamical features deduced from the learning sample. These features are discrete phase-type (PH) distributions. They model the first passage times (FPT) between occurrences of pairs of substrings. The PHit algorithm, an adapted version of the Expectation-Maximization algorithm, is proposed to estimate PH distributions. The most informative pairs of substrings are selected according to the Jensen-Shannon divergence between their class conditional empirical FPT distributions. The selected features are then used in two classification schemes: a maximum a posteriori (MAP) classifier and support vector machines (SVM) with marginalized kernels. Experiments on DNA splicing region detection and on protein sublocalization illustrate that the proposed techniques offer competitive results with smoothed Markov chains or SVM with a spectrum string kernel.

Keywords

Supervised sequence classification Markov chains First passage times Expectation-Maximization Jensen-Shannon divergence 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jérôme Callut
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pierre Dupont
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computing Science and Engineering, INGIUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  2. 2.UCL Machine Learning Group 

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