Intensity Gradient Based Registration and Fusion of Multi-modal Images
A particular problem in image registration arises for multi-modal images taken from different imaging devices and/or modalities. Starting in 1995, mutual information has shown to be a very successful distance measure for multi-modal image registration. However, mutual information has also a number of well-known drawbacks. Its main disadvantage is that it is known to be highly non-convex and has typically many local maxima.
This observation motivate us to seek a different image similarity measure which is better suited for optimization but as well capable to handle multi-modal images. In this work we investigate an alternative distance measure which is based on normalized gradients and compare its performance to Mutual Information. We call the new distance measure Normalized Gradient Fields (NGF).
KeywordsMutual Information Image Registration Intensity Gradient Joint Inversion Registration Problem
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