Active Surface Approach for Extraction of the Human Cerebral Cortex from MRI
Segmentation of the human cerebral cortex from MRI has been subject of much attention during the last decade. Methods based on active surfaces for representing and extracting the cortical boundaries have shown promising results. We present an active surface method, that extracts the inner and outer cortical boundaries using a combination of different vector fields and a local weighting method based on the intrinsic properties of the deforming surface. Our active surface model deforms polygonal meshes to fit the boundaries of the cerebral cortex using a force balancing scheme. As a result of the local weighting strategy and a self-intersection constraint, the method is capable of modelling tight sulci where the image edge is missing or obscured. The performance of the method is evaluated using both real and simulated MRI data.
KeywordsOuter Boundary Internal Force Fuzzy Membership Pressure Force Image Edge
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