Modeling Crowd Behavior Based on Social Comparison Theory: Extended Abstract
Modeling crowd behavior is an important challenge for cognitive modelers. We propose a novel model of crowd behavior, based on Festinger’s Social Comparison Theory, a social psychology theory known and expanded since the early 1950’s. We propose a concrete framework for SCT, and evaluate its implementations in several crowd behavior scenarios. The results show improved performance over existing models.
KeywordsCellular Automaton Social Comparison Gain Function Lane Change Crowd Behavior
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Allport, F.H.: Social Psychology. Houghton Mifflin, Boston (1924)Google Scholar
- 2.Blue, V.J., Adler, J.L.: Cellular automata microsimulation of bidirectional pedestrian flows. Transportation Research Record, 135–141 (2000)Google Scholar
- 4.Festinger, L.: A theory of social comparison processes. Human Relations, 117–140 (1954)Google Scholar
- 5.Wilensky, U.: NetLogo. Center for Connected Learning and Computer-Based Modeling—Northwestern University (1999), http://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/
- 6.Kaminka, G.A., Fridman, N.: A cognitive model of crowd behavior based on social comparison theory. In: Proceedings of the AAAI-2006 workshop on cognitive modeling (2006)Google Scholar
- 7.Balch, T.: Behavioral Diversity in Learning Robot Teams. PhD thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology (1998)Google Scholar
- 8.Newell, A.: Unified Theories of Cognition. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1990)Google Scholar