Voting with Your Feet: An Investigative Study of the Relationship Between Place Visit Behavior and Preference

  • Jon Froehlich
  • Mike Y. Chen
  • Ian E. Smith
  • Fred Potter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4206)


Real world recommendation systems, personalized mobile search, and online city guides could all benefit from data on personal place preferences. However, collecting explicit rating data of locations as users travel from place to place is impractical. This paper investigates the relationship between explicit place ratings and implicit aspects of travel behavior such as visit frequency and travel time. We conducted a four-week study with 16 participants using a novel sensor-based experience sampling tool, called My Experience (Me), which we developed for mobile phones. Over the course of the study Me was used to collect 3,458 in-situ questionnaires on 1,981 place visits. Our results show that, first, sensor-triggered experience sampling is a useful methodology for collecting targeted information in situ. Second, despite the complexities underlying travel routines and visit behavior, there exist positive correlations between place preference and automatically detectable features like visit frequency and travel time. And, third, we found that when combined, visit frequency and travel time result in stronger correlations with place rating than when measured individually. Finally, we found no significant difference in place ratings due to the presence of others.


Travel Time Mobile Phone Place Preference Visit Frequency Collaborative Filter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jon Froehlich
    • 1
  • Mike Y. Chen
    • 2
  • Ian E. Smith
    • 2
  • Fred Potter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Intel ResearchSeattleUSA

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