SVD Adapted DCT Domain DC Subband Image Watermarking Against Watermark Ambiguity

  • Erkan Yavuz
  • Ziya Telatar
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4105)


In some Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) based watermarking techniques, singular values (SV) of the cover image are used to embed the SVs of the watermark image. In detection, singular vectors of the watermark image are used to construct the embedded watermark. A problem faced with this approach is to obtain the resultant watermark as the image whose singular vectors are used for restoring the watermark, namely, what is searched that is found. In this paper, we propose a Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) DC subband watermarking technique in SVD domain against this ambiguity by embedding the singular vectors of the watermark image, too, as a control parameter. We give the experimental results of the proposed technique against some attacks.


Singular Value Decomposition Discrete Cosine Transform Discrete Wavelet Transform Cover Image Watermark Image 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Schyndel, R.G., Tirkel, A.Z., Osborne, C.F.: A Digital Watermark. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP 1994), Austin, USA, vol. 2, pp. 86–90 (1994)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cox, I.J., Kilian, J., Thomson, L., Shamoon, T.: Secure Spread Spectrum Watermarking for Multimedia. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 6(12), 1673–1687 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barni, M., Bartolini, F., Cappellini, V., Piva, A.: A DCT-Domain System for Robust Image Watermarking. Signal Processing 66(3), 357–372 (1998)MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Suhail, M.A., Obaidat, M.S.: Digital Watermarking-Based DCT and JPEG Model. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 52(5), 1640–1647 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kundur, D., Hatzinakos, D.: Towards Robust Logo Watermarking Using Multiresolution Image Fusion. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 1(2), 185–198 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hsieh, M.-S., Tseng, D.-C.: Hiding Digital Watermarks Using Multiresolution Wavelet Transform. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 48(5), 875–882 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Meerwald, P., Uhl, A.: A Survey of Wavelet-Domain Watermarking Algorithms. In: Proceedings of SPIE, Electronic Imaging, Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents III, San Jose, CA, USA, vol. 4314 (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Djurovic, I., Stankovic, S., Pitas, I.: Digital Watermarking in the Fractional Fourier Transformation Domain. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 167–173 (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gorodetski, V.I., Popyack, L.J., Samoilov, V.: SVD-Based Approach to Transparent Embedding Data into Digital Images. In: Gorodetski, V.I., Skormin, V.A., Popyack, L.J. (eds.) MMM-ACNS 2001. LNCS, vol. 2052, pp. 263–274. Springer, Heidelberg (2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chandra, D.V.S.: Digital Image Watermarking Using Singular Value Decomposition. In: Proceedings of 45th Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS 2002), pp. 264–267 (2002)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Liu, R., Tan, T.: An SVD-Based Watermarking Scheme for Protecting Rightful Ownership. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 4(1), 121–128 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bao, P., Ma, X.: Image Adaptive Watermarking Using Wavelet Domain Singular Value Decomposition. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 15(1), 96–102 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Quan, L., Qingsong, A.: A Combination of DCT-Based and SVD-Based Watermarking Scheme. In: Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Signal Processing (ICSP 2004), vol. 1, pp. 873–876 (2004)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ganic, E., Eskicioglu, A.M.: Robust DWT-SVD Domain Image Watermarking: Embedding Data in All Frequencies. In: Proceedings of the ACM Multimedia and Security Workshop (MM&SEC 2004), Magdeburg, Germany, pp. 166–174 (2004)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sverdlov, A., Dexter, S., Eskicioglu, A.M.: Robust DCT-SVD Domain Image Watermarking for Copyright Protection: Embedding Data in All Frequencies. In: 13th European Signal Processing Conference, Antalya, Turkey (2005)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang, X.-P., Li, K.: Comments on An SVD-Based Watermarking Scheme for Protecting Rightful Ownership. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 7(2), 593–594 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erkan Yavuz
    • 1
  • Ziya Telatar
    • 2
  1. 1.Communications DivisionAselsan Electronic Ind. Inc.AnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Eng., Dept. of EEAnkara UniversityBesevler, AnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations