Object Oriented vs. Agent-Based Oriented Ubiquitous Intelligent Mobile Managed e-Learning Environment

  • Elaine McGovern
  • Rem Collier
  • Eleni Mangina
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4159)


The emergence of information technology the last decade is leading to changes in the way people work and learn. Computer networks and especially ubiquitous intelligent mobile learning environments offer new strategies the dissemination of course work. Following the current trend towards ubiquitous computers, networks, information and services, a new innovative mobile e-learning intelligent world is created, where software components embedded with intelligence assist the users in education and provide functionalities such as context awareness, automation, adaptivity and proactiveness. Within this paper a case study of the similarity and differences between an object oriented solution and an agent-based solution of ubiquitous intelligent mobile learning environment is discussed. The results of this research are presented in terms of preliminary user tests for the design of the Mini-ME Interface and performance testing for both implemented architectures.


Class Diagram Agent Factory Object Orient Interface Agent Intelligent User Interface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Quinsee, S., Hurst, J.: Blurring the Boundaries? Supporting Students and Staff within an Online Learning Environment. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Marriott, N., Shellard, E.: Going online at the University of XYZ: Reflections on the Transformation from Traditional to Virtual Campus. In: Proceedings of Distance Teaching & Learning Conference (2001)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Blackboard – Access to Learning Resources,
  4. 4.
    Moodle – Course Contect Management System,
  5. 5.
    Fisher, M., Solliday-McRoy, C.: The European Computer Driving License: A Model for Teacher Education. Journal of Educational Technology Systems 27(3) (1998–1999) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Staudt, C.: Probing Untested Ground: Young students learn to use handheld computers (October 1999), Retrieved from,
  7. 7.
    Belanger, Y.: Laptop Computer. In: The K-12 Classroom. Eric Digest (2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lieberman, H.: Integrating User Interface Agents with Conventional Applications. In: International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (1998)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kay, A.: User interface: A personal view. In: Laurel, B. (ed.) The art of Human-Computer Interface Design, pp. 191–207. Addison-Wesley, Reading (1990)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kozierok, R., Maes, P.: A Learning Interface Agent for Scheduling Meetings. In: Proceedings of the ACM SIGCHI International Workshop on Intelligent User Interfaces, pp. 81–88. ACM Press, Orlando, Florida (1993)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lieberman, J., Breazeal, C.: Improvements on action parsing and action interpolation for learning through demonstration. In: Proceedings of the IEEE-RAS/RSJ International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids 2004) (Santa Monica, CA, USA), IEEE, Los Alamitos (2004)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Webber, C., Bergia, L., Pesty, S., Balacheff, N.: The Baghera project: a multi-agent architecture for human learning. In: Vassileva, J. (ed.) Multi-agent architectures for distributed learning environments (AIED workshop proceedings), vol. 12, pp. 1060–1069 (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
    UML diagrams,
  16. 16.
    McGovern, E.: A Comparative Study of Multi-Agent and Object-Oriente Methodologies for Mobile Managed Learning Environments (2005)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Monahan, T., McArdle, G., Bertolotto, M., Mangina, E.: 3D User Interfaces and Multimedia in E-Learning. In: Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (ED-MEDIA 2005), Montreal, Canada (2005)Google Scholar
  18. 18.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elaine McGovern
    • 1
  • Rem Collier
    • 1
  • Eleni Mangina
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computer Science & Informatics, College of Engineering Mathematical and Physical SciencesUniversity College DublinBelfield, Dublin 4Ireland

Personalised recommendations