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A Hybrid Hardware/Software Generated Prefetching Thread Mechanism on Chip Multiprocessors

  • Hou Rui
  • Longbing Zhang
  • Weiwu Hu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4128)

Abstract

This paper proposes a hybrid hardware/software generated prefetching thread mechanism on Chip Multiprocessors(CMP). Two kinds of prefetching threads appear in our hybrid mechanism. Most threads belong to Dynamic Prefetching Thread, which are automatically generated, triggered, spawn and managed by hardware; The others are of Static Prefetching Thread, targeting at the critical delinquent loads which can not be accurately or timely predicted by Dynamic Prefetching Thread. Static Prefetching Threads are statically generated by binary-level optimization tool with the guide of profiling information. Also, some aggressive thread construction policies are proposed. Furthermore, the necessary hardware infrastructure for CMP supporting this hybrid mechanism are described. For a set of memory limited benchmarks with complicated access patterns, an average speedup of 3.1% is achieved on dual-core CMP when constructing basic hardware-generated prefetching thread, and this gain grows to 31% when adopting our hybrid mechanism.

Keywords

Shadow Register Basic Policy Performance Counter Performance Speedup Address Computation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hou Rui
    • 1
  • Longbing Zhang
    • 1
  • Weiwu Hu
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Computer System and Architecture, Institute of Computing TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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