Introducing EVG: An Emotion Evoking Game

  • Ning Wang
  • Stacy Marsella
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4133)


A dungeon role playing game intended to induce emotions such as boredom, surprise, joy, anger and disappointment is introduced. From the preliminary study, facial expressions indicating boredom and anger were observed. Individual differences were found on appraisal and facial expression of surprise, joy and disappointment.


emotion game facial expression 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bui, T.D., Heylen, D., Nijholt, A., Poel, M.: On combining the facial movements of a talking head. In: Noldus, L.P.J.J., Grieco, F., Loijens, L.W.S., Zimmerman, P.H. (eds.) Proceedings Measuring Behavior. Fifth International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research, pp. 6–9 (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Carroll, J.M., Russell, J.A.: Facial expressions in Hollywood’s portrayal of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 72, 164–176 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cohn, J.F., Schmidt, K., Gross, R., Ekman, P.: Individual Differences in Facial Expression: Stability over Time, Relation to Self-Reported Emotion, and Ability to Inform Person Identification. In: Fourth IEEE International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces, pp. 491–496 (2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Darwin, C.: The expression of the emotions in man and animals. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1965) (Original work published in 1872)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
    Ekman, P.: Emotion in the human face. Cambridge University Press, New York (1982)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ekman, P., Friesen, W.V.: Investigator’s guide to the Facial Action Coding System. Consulting Psychologist Press, Palo Alto (1978)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Frijda, N.H., Kuipers, P., ter Schure, E.: Relations among emotion, appraisal, and emotional action readiness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57, 212–228 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Frois-Wittmann, J.: The judgment of facial expression. Journal of Experimental Psychology 13, 113–151 (1930)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gratch, J., Marsella, S.: Evaluating a computational model of emotion. Journal of Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (Special issue on the best of AAMAS 2004) 11(1), 23–43 (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Izard, C.E.: The face of emotion. Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York (1971)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kaiser, S., Wehrle, T.: Situated emotional problem solving in interactive computer games. In: Frijda, N.H. (ed.) Proceedings of the VIXth Conference of the International Society for Research on Emotions, pp. 276–280. ISRE Publications (1996)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lang, P.J., Bradley, M.M., Cuthbert, B.N.: International Affective Picture System (IAPS): Technical manual and affective ratings. Gainsville: Center for Research in Psychophysiology, University of Florida (1999)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mauro, R., Sato, K., Tucker, J.: The role of appraisal in human emotions: A cross-cultural study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 62, 301–317 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Öhman, A., Flykt, A., Esteves, F.: Emotion Drives Attention: Detecting the Snake in the Grass. Journal of Experimental Psychology 130(3), 466–478 (2001)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Reisenzein, R.: Exploring the strength of association between the components of emotion syndromes: The case of surprise. Cognition and Emotion 14, 1–38 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Reisenzein, R., Bördgen, S., Holtbernd, T., Matz, D.: Evidence for strong dissociation between emotion and facial displays: The case of surprise. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (in press)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Scherer, K.R.: Appraisal considered as a process of multi-level sequential checking. In: Scherer, K.R., Schorr, A., Johnstone, T. (eds.) Appraisal processes in emotion: Theory, Methods, Research, pp. 92–120. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2001)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Smith, C.A., Scott, H.S.: A componential approach to the meaning of facial expressions. In: Russell, J.A., Fernandez-Dols, J.M. (eds.) The psychology of facial expression. Cambridge University Press, New York (1997)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Stemmler, G., Heldmann, M., Pauls, C.A., Scherer, T.: Constraints for emotion specificity in fear and anger: The context counts. Psychophysiology 38, 275–291 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Velten, E.: A laboratory task for inductions of mood states. Behavior Therapy and Research 6, 473–482 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ning Wang
    • 1
  • Stacy Marsella
    • 1
  1. 1.Information Science InstituteUniversity of Southern CaliforniaMarina del ReyUSA

Personalised recommendations