Advertisement

Structural and Syntactic Techniques for Recognition of Ethiopic Characters

  • Yaregal Assabie
  • Josef Bigun
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4109)

Abstract

OCR technology of Latin scripts is well advanced in comparison to other scripts. However, the available results from Latin are not always sufficient to directly adopt them for other scripts such as the Ethiopic script. In this paper, we propose a novel approach that uses structural and syntactic techniques for recognition of Ethiopic characters. We reveal that primitive structures and their spatial relationships form a unique set of patterns for each character. The relationships of primitives are represented by a special tree structure, which is also used to generate a pattern. A knowledge base of the alphabet that stores possibly occurring patterns for each character is built. Recognition is then achieved by matching the generated pattern against each pattern in the knowledge base. Structural features are extracted using direction field tensor. Experimental results are reported, and the recognition system is insensitive to variations on font types, sizes and styles.

References

  1. 1.
    Bigun, J.: Vision with Direction: A Systematic Introduction to Image Processing and Vision. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bunke, H., Sanfeliu, A.: Syntactic and Structural Pattern Recognition: Theory and Applications. World Scientific, Singapore (1990)MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cowell, J., Hussain, F.: Amharic character recognition using a fast signature based algorithm. In: Proc. Fourth Int’l. Conf. Information Visualization, pp. 384–389 (2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Forstner, W.: A framework for low level feature extraction. In: Eklundh, J.-O. (ed.) ECCV 1994. LNCS, vol. 801, pp. 383–394. Springer, Heidelberg (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gerard, A.S.: African Language Literatures: An introduction to the literary history of sub-Saharan Africa. Three Continents Press, Washington (1981)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Premaratne, L., Assabie, Y., Bigun, J.: Recognition of modification-based scripts using direction tensors. In: ICVGIP 2004, Kolkata, pp. 587–592 (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Weickert, J.: Coherence-enhancing shock filters. In: Michaelis, B., Krell, G. (eds.) DAGM 2003. LNCS, vol. 2781, pp. 1–8. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yaregal Assabie
    • 1
  • Josef Bigun
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical EngineeringHalmstad UniversityHalmstadSweden

Personalised recommendations