Evaluation of the Energy Consumption in MANET

  • Géraud Allard
  • Pascale Minet
  • Dang-Quan Nguyen
  • Nirisha Shrestha
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4104)


In mobile ad hoc wireless networks, energy consumption is an important issue as most mobile nodes operate on limited battery resources. Existing models for evaluating the energy consumption in a mobile ad hoc network have shown that the various components of energy related costs include transmission power as well as the reception power.

In this paper, we extend the model for calculating the energy spent at a node due to a flow in the network. We include the transmission and reception costs if the node belongs to a flow, and reception costs if it is near a flow. This model gives the energy costs of nodes in ideal conditions where interferences are absent. It is then extended to evaluate the interference effect on energy consumption in more realistic conditions. The collisions due to concurrent flows are also measured. We then show how the extra energy spent due to collisions can be calculated by predicting the collisions in the nodes of the network. This prediction is shown to be capable of accurate calculation of the extra energy consumption.


Energy Consumption Mobile Node Medium Access Control Source Node Hide Node 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Feeney, L.M.: Energy Efficient Communication in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks, Computer and Network Architectures Laboratory, Swedish Institute of Computer Science (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Feeney, L.M., Nilsson, M.: Investigating the energy consumption of a wireless network interface in an ad hoc networking environment. In: Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (April 2001)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wieselthier, J.E., Nguyen, G.D., Ephremides, A.: On the construction and energy-efficient broadcast and multicast trees in wireless networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, Tel-Aviv, Israel (2000)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li, N., Hou, J., Sha, L.: Design and Analysis of an MST-Based Topology Control Algorithm. In: Proc. of INFOCOM 2003 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wan, P.J., Calinescu, G., Li, X.Y.: Minimum-Energy Broadcast Routing in Static Ad Hoc Wireless Networks. In: Proceedings of 20th Ann. Joint Conf. IEEE Computer and Comm. Soc., INFOCOM, Anchorage, Alaska (April 2001)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wu, J., Dai, F.: A Distributed Formation of a Virtual Backbone in Ad Hoc Networks using Adjustable Transmission Ranges. In: Proceedings of ICDCS (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Narayanaswamy, S., Kawadia, V., Sreenivas, R.S., Kumar, P.R.: Power control in ad-hoc networks: Theory, architecture, algorithm and implementation of the COMPOW protocol. In: European Wireless Conference (2002)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wattenhofer, R., Li, L., Bahl, V., Wang, Y.: Distributed topology control for power efficient operation in multihop wireless ad hoc networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (April 2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Song, W., Wang, Y., Li, X.: Localized algorithms for energy efficient topology in wireless ad hoc networks. In: Proceedings of the 5th ACM international symposium on Mobile ad hoc networking and computing, Tokyo, Japan (May 2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ramanathan, R., Rosales-Hain, R.: Topology Control of multihop wireless networks using transmit power adjustment. In: Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, Tel-Aviv, Israel (2000)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gomez, J., Campbell, A.T., Naghshineh, M., Bisdikian, C.: Conserving Transmission Power in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks. In: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Network Protocols (ICNP 2001), p. 24 (November 2001)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liu, B.H., Gao, Y., Chou, C.T., Jha, S.: An Energy Efficient Select Optimal Neighbor Protocol for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Technical Report, UNSW-CSE-TR-0431, Network Research Laboratory, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia (October 2004)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Singh, S., Woo, M., Raghavendra, C.: Power-aware routing in mobile ad hoc networks. In: Proceedings of 4th Annual ACM/IEEE Int. Conf. Mobile Computing Networking (MobiCom) (October 1998)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chang, J.-H., Tassiulas, L.: Energy conserving routing in wireless ad-hoc networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE Infocom, vol. 1, pp. 22–31 (2000)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Toh, C.-K.: Maximum battery life routing to support ubiquitous mobile computing in wireless ad hoc networks. IEEE Communications Magazine, 138–147 (June 2001)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Trung, T.M., Kim, S.-.L.: ERA: Energy-Saving Routing Algorithms for Ad Hoc Networks. In: Proceedings of Australian Telecommunications, Networks and Applications Conference, Melbourne, Australia (2003)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Singh, S., Raghavendra, C.S.: Power efficient MAC protocol for multihop radio networks. In: The Ninth IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, pp. 153–157 (1998)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chen, B., Jamieson, K., Balakrishnan, H., Morris, R.: Span: An energy-efficient coordination algorithm for topology maintenance in ad hoc wireless networks. In: Proceedings of MOBICOM (July 2001)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Xu, Y., Heidemann, J., Estrin, D.: Geography-informed energy conservation for ad hoc routing. In: Proceedings of 7th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, pp. 70–84 (July 2001)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nguyen, D., Minet, P.: Evaluation of the Bandwidth Needed at the MAC 802.11b Level, Research Report, INRIA-RR-5553, INRIA, France (April 2005)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Allard, G., Minet, P., Nguyen, D., Shrestha, N.: Evaluation of the Energy Consumption in MANET, Research Report, INRIA-RR-5851, INRIA, France (February 2006)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jacquet, P.: Space-time Information Propagation in Mobile ad hoc Wireless Networks. In: 2004 IEEE Information Theory Workshop, Texas (October 2004)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Jacquet, P.: Geometry of Information Propagation in Massively Dense ad hoc Networks. In: Proceedings of MobiHoc 2004, Tokyo, Japan (May 2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Géraud Allard
    • 1
  • Pascale Minet
    • 1
  • Dang-Quan Nguyen
    • 1
  • Nirisha Shrestha
    • 2
  1. 1.INRIA RocquencourtLe ChesnayFrance
  2. 2.Macquarie UniversityNorth RydeAustralia

Personalised recommendations