An Active Tracking System Using IEEE 802.15.4-Based Ultrasonic Sensor Devices

  • Shinyoung Yi
  • Hojung Cha
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4097)


Utilization of an ultrasound tracking system in wireless sensor networks is a well-known technique with low-cost and high-accuracy advantages in an indoor environment. In this paper, we present the implementation of an active tracking system based on an ultrasonic sensing device using the IEEE 802.15.4 compatible radio. IEEE 802.15.4 is used in wireless sensor networks because of its low power consumption and high bit-rate. Many of the technical issues for actual deployment of the system in an indoor environment are herein analyzed and solved.


Wireless Sensor Network Mobile Node Target Node Ultrasonic Pulse Distance Information 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Want, R., Hopper, A., Falcao, V., Gibbons, J.: The Active Badge Location System. ACM Transactions on Information Systems (January 1992)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bahl, P., Padmanabhan, V.N.: RADAR: An In-Building RF-Based User Location and Tracking System. In: INFOCOM 2000, vol. 2, pp. 775–784 (2000)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Youssef, M.A., Agrawala, A., Shankar, A.U.: WLAN Location Determination via Clustering and Probability Distributions. In: Proceedings of the First IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications (PerCom 2003), March 2003, pp. 143–152 (2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Priyantha, N.B., Chakraborty, A., Balakrishnan, H.: The Cricket Location-Support System. In: 6th ACM International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (Mobicom 2000) (August 2000)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Harter, A., Hopper, A., Steggles, P., Ward, A., Webster, P.: The Anatomy of a Conetxt-Aware Application. In: 5th ACM International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (Mobicom 1999), August 1999, pp. 59–68 (1999)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hazas, M., Ward, A.: A Novel Broadband Ultrasonic Location System. In: Borriello, G., Holmquist, L.E. (eds.) UbiComp 2002. LNCS, vol. 2498, Springer, Heidelberg (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    IEEE Standard for Information Technology: 802.15.4: Wireless Medium Access Control and Physical Layer Specifications for Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (2003),
  8. 8.
    Smith, A., Balakrishnan, H., Goraczko, M.: Tracking Moving Devices with the Cricket Location System. In: 2nd International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications and Services (Mobisys 2004) (June 2004)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Polastre, J., Hill, J., Culler, D.: Versatile Low Power Media Access for Wireless Sensor Networks. In: ACM SenSys 2004 (November 2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
    Hill, J., Szewczyk, R., Woo, A., Hollar, S., Culler, D., Pister, K.: System Architecture Directions for Network Sensors. In: Proceedings of ASPLOS 2000 (November 2000)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
    Polastre, J., Szewczyk, R., Culler, D.: Telos: Enabling Ultra-Low Power Wireless Research. In: Proceedings of IPSN/SPOTS (April 2005)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shinyoung Yi
    • 1
  • Hojung Cha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceYonsei UniversitySeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations