Composition Corrector – A Computer-Based Tool to Support Professional Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Writers

  • Martha Birnbaum
  • Corine Bickley
  • Brianne Burger
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4061)


Composition Corrector (CC) is an online, browser-based tool that detects and corrects grammatical errors in written English composition. CC is aimed at deaf high school and college students who are fluent in a language such as American Sign Language but are not necessarily fluent in written English. The student types an English sentence into the browser window and receives an immediate analysis of grammatical errors and the corrections in standard English. The writing skills of deaf students are reported to be significantly poorer than those of their hearing peers, with attendant educational, professional, and income disparities with the hearing population. CC is conceived as a tool to present students to best advantage in an academic or professional setting. It acknowledges a social as well as educational need in that strong English composition skills are companions to independence, quality of life, and professional development.


American Sign Deaf Child English Sentence Deaf Individual Grammatical Error 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martha Birnbaum
    • 1
  • Corine Bickley
    • 2
  • Brianne Burger
    • 3
  1. 1.Martha Birnbaum ConsultingCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Hearing, Speech and Language SciencesGallaudet UniversityWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Administration and SupervisionGallaudet UniversityWashingtonUSA

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