Mathematics: How and What to Speak

  • D. Fitzpatrick
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4061)


Access to mathematical content for blind and vision impaired people continues to be a problem. The inherently visual nature of this form of presentation is neither easily or readily accessible using the linear representations in common usage by this community.

This paper proposes methodology for depicting mathematics in a non-visual manner. It will be shown how, through the prosodic component found in spoken language, the structure of mathematical formulae may be disambiguated. We will also discuss lexical cues which can be added to the utterance to further reduce the ambiguity which can be very evident in this form of material.


Sentence Structure Reading Process White Space Synthetic Speech Fractional Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Fitzpatrick
    • 1
  1. 1.School of ComputingDublin City UniversityGlasnevin Dublin 9Ireland

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