An Approach for Direct Manipulation by Tactile Modality for Blind Computer Users: Development of the Second Trial Production

  • Shigenobu Shimada
  • Masami Shinohara
  • Yutaka Shimizu
  • Makoto Shimojo
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4061)


A basic device combining a tactile display function and a touch position sensing function is proposed. The trial device consists of two major components, a tactile graphic display and a six–axis force/torque sensor. The force sensor measures six dynamic values generated by touch action on the display surface and a PC estimates the touch position based on the data. Since the defects of the first trial production are the weakness of the touch surface, an assembly error, and the measurement error of six–axis force/torque sensor, they are solved in the second trial production. The effect of a contact force on the estimated position are examined respectively by a vertical component and a horizontal component. It is shown from the above experimental results that the second trial production is practically sufficient estimated position accuracy.


Horizontal Component Assembly Error Direct Manipulation Trial Production Basic Device 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shigenobu Shimada
    • 1
  • Masami Shinohara
    • 2
  • Yutaka Shimizu
    • 3
  • Makoto Shimojo
    • 4
  1. 1.Research and Development DepartmentTokyo Metropolitan Industrial Technology Research InstituteTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Institute for Human Science and Biomedical EngineeringNational Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and TechnologyTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Systems EngineeringThe University of Electro–CommunicationsTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Intelligent SystemsThe University of Electro–CommunicationsTokyoJapan

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