Investigation on Effect of Prosody in Finger Braille

  • Manabi Miyagi
  • Masafumi Nishida
  • Yasuo Horiuchi
  • Akira Ichikawa
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4061)


Finger braille is one of the communication methods for the deaf blind, which seems to be the most suited medium for real-time communication by its speed and accuracy in transmitting characters. We hypothesize that the prosody information exists in the time structure of finger braille typing. Prosody is the paralinguistic information that has functions to transmit the sentence structure, prominence, emotions and other form of information in real-time communication. In this research, we performed a cognition experiment on 12 subjects with a simulated output to confirm the effect of prosody in the time structure. As a result, the percentages of questions answered correctly were 79 % for the prosody simulated output and 65 % for the monotonous output. The result shows the possibility that the prosody information of finger braille can be applied to the assistive technologies for deaf-blind people’s communication.


Assistive Technology Time Structure Simulated Output Sentence Structure Cognition Experiment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hirschberg, J.: Communication and Prosody: functional aspects of prosody. Speech Communication 36, 31–43 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ichikawa, A.: Dialogue Languages and Persons with Disabilities. IEICE transactions on information and systems E87-D(6), 1312–1319 (2004)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Miyagi, M., Fujimori, Y., Horiuchi, Y., Ichikawa, A.: Prosody Rule for Time Structure of Finger Braille. In: Proceedings of RIAO 2000. RIAO 2000 International Conference, Paris, France, pp. 862–869 (2000)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Miyagi, M., Nishida, M.,, Horiuchi, Y., Ichikawa, A.: Conference System using Finger Braille. In: Proceedings of GOTHI 2005. Guidelines On Tactile and Haptic Interactions, Saskatoon, Canada (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hoshino, T., Kiyosawa, T., Otake, T., Yonezawa, Y.: Basic study of optimum stimulus mode for finger Braille display. The Transactions of the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers J81-A(9), 1273–1279 (1998)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hoshino, T., Otake, T., Yonezawa, Y.: A Study on a finger-braille input system based on acceleration of finger movements. The Transactions of the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers. A J85-A(3), 380–388 (2002)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Amemiya, T., Yamashita, J., Hirota, K., Hirose, M.: Virtual Leading Blocks for the Deaf-Blind: A Real-Time Way-Finder by Verbal-Nonverbal Hybrid Interface and High-Density RFID Tag Space. In: Proceedings of IEEE Virtual Reality 2004 Virtual Reality Conference 2004 (VR 2004), Chicago, IL, pp. 165–172 (2004)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Matsuda, Y., Sakuma, I., Jimbo, Y., Kobayashi, E., Arafune, T., Isomura, T.: Study on Teaching of the Way to Dot of Finger Braille -Teaching of dotting finger and position of monosyllable. Journal of Human Interface Society 7(3), 379–390 (2005)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Matsuda, Y., Isomura, T.: Study on Emotional Communication in Skin Contact -Emotional Communication Experiment in Finger Braille. Journal of Human Interface Society 5(2), 163–170 (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manabi Miyagi
    • 1
  • Masafumi Nishida
    • 1
  • Yasuo Horiuchi
    • 1
  • Akira Ichikawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Science and TechnologyChiba UniversityChibaJapan

Personalised recommendations