A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of the Efficacy of Cognitive Intervention on Elderly People and on Patient’s with Alzheimer’s Disease

  • J. J. Yanguas
  • C. Buiza
  • I. Etxeberria
  • N. Galdona
  • M. F. González
  • E. Urdaneta
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4061)


Research on non-pharmacological therapies (cognitive rehabilitation) in old age has been very limited, and most has not considered the effect of intervention of this type over extended periods of time. The aim of Donostia Longitudinal Study was to investigate a new cognitive therapy in a randomized, placebo-controlled group of elderly people over 65 years of age without cognitive deterioration or expressed AAMI (Age Associated Memory Impairment) and patients with a Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). The efficacy of this therapy was evaluated by means of post-hoc analysis of 390 people using biomedical, neuropsy-chological, affective, and personality assessments. In the GDS 1-2 grouping,scores for learning potential and different types of memory for the treatment group improved significantly relative to the untreated controls. While, subjects with a GDS 3-4 showed significantly better performance on Neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI) scores in all domains (anxiety, depression, apathy, sleep disturbances). Finally subjects with a GDS 5-6, showed a maintenance of cognitive capacities. In the GDS 1-2 grouping, the most significant result found is that learning potential of trained people enhances within two years of intervention, this involves a successful ageing sign and plays a preventive role in dementia development. On the other hand, in the GDS 3-4 and GDS 5-6 grouping, the behavioral disturbances diminished within this intervention, so this type of training program could be beneficial on them.


Progressive Supranuclear Paralysis Cognitive Training Cognitive Intervention Cognitive Rehabilitation Cognitive Stimulation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. J. Yanguas
    • 1
  • C. Buiza
    • 1
  • I. Etxeberria
    • 1
  • N. Galdona
    • 1
  • M. F. González
    • 1
  • E. Urdaneta
    • 1
  1. 1. San SebastianSpain

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