Causal Reasoning for Alert Generation in Smart Homes

  • Antony Galton
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4008)


In this chapter we discuss some of the features of causal reasoning, and present a simple formalism for handling a restricted form of such reasoning applicable to the Smart Homes domain. The formalism handles the manner in which certain conjunctions of independent states (i.e., readings from the sensors) can be used to trigger a variety of dependent states, notably those which give alert regarding potential emergency situations.


Causal Relation Dependent State Smart Home Sensor Reading Causal Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Cervesato, I., Montanari, A.: A calculus of macro-events: Progress report. In: Trudel, A., Goodwin, S. (eds.) Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on Temporal Representation and Reasoning, pp. 47–58. IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Galton, A., Augusto, J.C.: Stratified causal theories for reasoning about deterministic devices and protocols. In: Fisher, M., Artale, A. (eds.) Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2002), pp. 52–54. IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kowalski, R.A., Sergot, M.J.: A logic-based calculus of events. New Generation Computing 4, 67–95 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    McCarthy, J., Hayes, P.J.: Some philosophical problems from the standpoint of artificial intelligence. In: Melzer, B., Michie, D. (eds.) Machine Intelligence 4. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh (1969)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sandewall, E., Shoham, Y.: Non-monotonic temporal reasoning. In: Gabbay, D.M., Hogger, C.J., Robinson, J.A. (eds.) Handbook of Logic in Artificial Intelligence and Logic Programming, vol. 4, pp. 439–498. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1995)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shanahan, M.: The event calculus explained. In: Veloso, M.M., Wooldridge, M.J. (eds.) Artificial Intelligence Today. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 1600, pp. 409–430. Springer, Heidelberg (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sosa, E., Tooley, M. (eds.): Causation. In: Oxford Readings in Philosophy. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1993)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antony Galton
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Engineering, Computer Science, and MathematicsUniversity of ExeterUK

Personalised recommendations