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Nonambiguous Concept Mapping in Medical Domain

  • Paweł Matykiewicz
  • Włodzisław Duch
  • John Pestian
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4029)

Abstract

Automatic annotation of medical texts for various natural language processing tasks is a very important goal that is still far from being accomplished. Semantic annotation of a free text is one of the necessary steps in this process. Disambiguation is frequently attempted using either rule-based or statistical approaches to semantical analysis. A neurocognitive approach for a nonambiguous concept mapping is proposed here. Concepts are taken from the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) collection of ontologies. An active part of the whole semantic memory based on these concepts forms a graph of consistent concepts (GCC). The text is analyzed by spreading activation in the network that consist of GCC and related concepts in the semantic network. A scoring function is used for choosing the meaning of the concepts that fit in the best way to the current interpretation of the text. ULMS knowledge sources are not sufficient to fully characterize concepts and their relations. Annotated texts are used to learn new relations useful for disambiguation of word meanings.

Keywords

Semantic Memory Semantic Network Semantic Priming Word Sense Disambiguation Consistent Concept 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paweł Matykiewicz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Włodzisław Duch
    • 1
    • 3
  • John Pestian
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of InformaticsNicolaus Copernicus UniversityToruńPoland
  2. 2.Dept. of Biomedical InformaticsCincinnati Children’s Hospital, Medical CenterUSA
  3. 3.School of Computer EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingapore

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