Lesion Visibility in Low Dose Tomosynthesis
Visibility of lesions in mammography are significantly reduced by the presence of anatomical, or structure, noise. Breast tomosynthesis offers the possibility of reducing this noise. We have compared the detection of low contrast and microcalcification objects with tomosynthesis imaging as a function of dose to full field digital mammography (FFDM) performed at a standard screening dose. The measurements were performed with a variety of phantoms and complex backgrounds. The complex backgrounds greatly reduced object visibility using FFDM; much less so for the tomosynthesis images. In summary, visibility of low contrast objects using tomosynthesis was superior to visibility of these objects in FFDM, even when the tomosynthesis imaging was performed at 1/4 or less of a FFDM dose. Tomosynthesis also showed superior visibility to FFDM for 160-180 micron microcalcifications at 1/2 the FFDM dose.
KeywordsComplex Background Lesion Visibility Structure Noise Standard Breast Full Field Digital Mammography
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