A Spreadsheet Client for Web Applications
There is an increasing gap between web services and web applications. While web services communicate via typed interfaces (e.g., using WSDL and SOAP), many web applications still rely on untyped, manually programmed forms in the restricted HTML widget set. These limitations cause developers to resort to HTML with client-side scripting, resulting in applications that can be hard to maintain. The goal of our work is to close the gap and ease maintenance by providing a browser technology that relies on declarative specifications and supports a fully typed interaction model. To this end, we have implemented Spreans, a type-aware spreadsheet that edits hierarchical data, supports a rich widget set, and includes browser functionality by implementing an interface to web services. The use of Spreans as a browser replaces the main uses of client-side scripting (calculations, constraint checking, and UI embellishment) by declarative specification, thus simplifying maintenance.
KeywordsContent Data Evaluation Constraint Document Manager Enterprise Application XPath Expression
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 6.Draheim, D., Weber, G.: Form-Oriented Analysis - A New Methodology to Model Form-Based Applications. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)Google Scholar
- 7.Dubinko, M., Software, C., Klotz, L.L., Merrick, R., Raman, T.V.: XForms 1.0 – W3C Recommendation. Technical Report REC-xforms-20031014, World Wide Web Consortium (October 2003)Google Scholar
- 9.I. O. for Standardization. Final Committee Draft of ISO Schematron. Technical Report ISO/IEC FDIS 19757-3, ISO/IECGoogle Scholar
- 10.Jones, C.: End-User Programming. IEEE Computer 28(9), 68–70 (1995)Google Scholar
- 14.Whang, K.-Y., Ammann, A., Bolmarcich, A., Hanrahan, M., Hochgesang, G., Huang, K.-T., Khorasani, A., Krishnamurthy, R., Sockut, G., Sweeney, P., Waddle, V., Zloof, M.: Office-by-example: an integrated office system and database manager. ACM Trans. Inf. Syst. 5(4), 393–427 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar