Search Strategies for Finding Annotations and Annotated Documents: The FAST Service

  • Maristella Agosti
  • Nicola Ferro
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4027)


This paper discusses two kinds of search strategies supported by the Flexible Annotation Service Tool (FAST), an annotation service that can be used by different Digital Library Management Systems (DLMSs). The first strategy concerns the search and retrieval of annotations, considered as stand-alone documents; while, the second one regards how to exploit annotations in order to search and retrieve annotated documents which are relevant for a user query. This paper describes the proposed search strategies in the light of the architectural design choices needed to support them.


Digital Library Information Resource Query Type Logic Layer Boolean Query 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Agosti, M., Ferro, N.: Annotations: Enriching a Digital Library. In: Koch, T., Sølvberg, I.T. (eds.) ECDL 2003. LNCS, vol. 2769, pp. 88–100. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Agosti, M., Ferro, N.: A System Architecture as a Support to a Flexible Annotation Service. In: Türker, C., Agosti, M., Schek, H.-J. (eds.) Peer-to-Peer, Grid, and Service-Orientation in Digital Library Architectures. LNCS, vol. 3664, pp. 147–166. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Agosti, M., Ferro, N.: Annotations as Context for Searching Documents. In: Crestani, F., Ruthven, I. (eds.) CoLIS 2005. LNCS, vol. 3507, pp. 155–170. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Agosti, M., Ferro, N., Frommholz, I., Thiel, U.: Annotations in Digital Libraries and Collaboratories – Facets, Models and Usage. In: Heery, R., Lyon, L. (eds.) ECDL 2004. LNCS, vol. 3232, pp. 244–255. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Agosti, M., Ferro, N., Orio, N.: Annotating Illuminated Manuscripts: an Effective Tool for Research and Education. In: Marlino, M., Sumner, T., Shipman, F. (eds.) Proc. 5th ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL 2005), pp. 121–130. ACM Press, New York (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Agosti, M., Smeaton, A. (eds.): Information Retrieval and Hypertext. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell (1996)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bottoni, P., Civica, R., Levialdi, S., Orso, L., Panizzi, E., Trinchese, R.: MADCOW: A Multimedia Digital Annotation System. In: Costabile, M.F. (ed.) Proc. Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI 2004), pp. 55–62. ACM Press, New York (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Croft, W.B.: Combining Approaches to Information Retrieval. In: Croft, W.B. (ed.) Advances in Information Retrieval: Recent Research from the Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval, pp. 1–36. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell (2000)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Halasz, F.G.: Reflections on NoteCards: Seven Issues for the Next Generation of Hypermedia Systems. Communications of the ACM (CACM) 31(7), 836–852 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ioannidis, Y., Maier, D., Abiteboul, S., Buneman, P., Davidson, S., Fox, E.A., Halevy, A., Knoblock, C., Rabitti, F., Schek, H.-J., Weikum, G.: Digital library information-technology infrastructures. International Journal on Digital Libraries 5(4), 266–274 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kahan, J., Koivunen, M.-R.: Annotea: an open RDF infrastructure for shared Web annotations. In: Shen, V.Y., Saito, N., Lyu, M.R., Zurko, M.E. (eds.) Proc. 10th International Conference on World Wide Web (WWW 2001), pp. 623–632. ACM Press, New York (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Marshall, C.C.: Toward an Ecology of Hypertext Annotation. In: Akscyn, R. (ed.) Proc. 9th ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia (HT 1998): Links, objects, time and space-structure in hypermedia systems, pp. 40–49. ACM Press, New York (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W3C. Annotea Project (October 2005),

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maristella Agosti
    • 1
  • Nicola Ferro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Information EngineeringUniversity of PaduaPadovaItaly

Personalised recommendations