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A Child’s Story to Illustrate Automated Reasoning Systems Using Opportunity and History

  • James D. Jones
  • Hemant Joshi
  • Umit Topaloglu
  • Eric Nelson
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3975)

Abstract

The primary author has performed previous work to create generalized, high-level reasoning software to identify deception on the basis of actions. The work here is to apply that software architecture to an entirely different domain. The original domain was an espionage scenario, and detected deception when communications were in conflict. This present domain is reasoning about a child’s story to determine who is lying about the theft of some objects. Applying the previous work to a different domain is an attempt to demonstrate the generality of the architecture. It is also an attempt to further generalize the software, and to formalize additional “common sense” strategies in the detection of deception.

This software detects deception on the basis of actions. This is in sharp contrast with present approaches that detect deception based on physiological factors, as well as on verbal and non-verbal cues. Our approach models agents and their actions in a logic programming framework using a theory of agents, a theory of actions, and a theory of reasoning with respect to time. As a test case, a children’s mystery is analyzed and implemented. The goal of the story is to identify who stole some items. The software correctly reasons about who the potential suspects are, and ultimately, correctly identifies the chief culprit. Further, it can correctly introspect with regard to previously held beliefs. The program we have developed is able to mimic the thought processes and conclusions of a police investigation.

Keywords

Software Architecture Police Investigation Primary Author Original Domain Incremental Fashion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • James D. Jones
    • 1
  • Hemant Joshi
    • 2
  • Umit Topaloglu
    • 2
  • Eric Nelson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceAngelo State University 
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of Arkansas at Little Rock 

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