Fighting Fear of a Bioterrorism Event with Information Technology: Real-World Examples and Opportunities
The proximate objective behind a bioterrorism event is to cause fear, with morbidity or mortality as secondary effects. Information technology must empower professionals to respond rapidly and effectively. This paper links detection and identification of a bioterrorism event with opportunities for information technology to aid such efforts, drawing specifically from real-world uses of technology with the Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Program at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) from 2000 to the present. Information technology challenges and innovations will be highlighted, as well as lessons learned from the program’s response to the anthrax attacks in 2001 and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome in 2003.
KeywordsSevere Acute Respiratory Syndrome Syndromic Surveillance Infectious Disease Outbreak Test Request Anthrax Attack
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2002 Supplemental Guidance, Technical Review Criteria Focus Area B, Atlanta, GA (2002)Google Scholar
- 2.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2002 Supplemental Guidance, Technical Review Criteria Focus Area C, Atlanta, GA (2002)Google Scholar
- 3.Institute of Medicine, Learning from SARS: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak. In: Workshop Summary, Washington, DC (January 2004)Google Scholar
- 4.Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Evaluation of B. anthracis Contamination Inside the Brentwood Mail Processing and Distribution Center. In: MMWR 50, Atlanta, GA (2001)Google Scholar
- 5.RAND Science and Technology Policy Institute, A Framework for Information Technology Infrastructure for Bioterrorism, Results of the 1st Summit, Washington, DC (December 2001)Google Scholar
- 6.U.S. General Accounting Office, Bioterrorism: Preparedness Varied Across State and Local Jurisdictions, GAO-03-373, Washington, DC (April 2003)Google Scholar
- 7.U.S. General Accounting Office, Homeland Security: New Department Could Improve Coordination but Transferring Control of Certain Public Health Programs Raises Concerns, GAO-02-954T, Washington, DC (July 2002)Google Scholar
- 8.U.S. General Accounting Office, Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Bioterrorism Preparedness Efforts Have Improved Public Health Response Capacity, but Gaps Remain, GAO-03-654T, Washington, DC (April 2003)Google Scholar