A Scaling Analysis of UMTS Traffic

  • Lucjan Janowski
  • Thomas Ziegler
  • Eduard Hasenleithner
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4003)


This paper reports on the results of a scaling analysis of traffic traces captured at several Gn Interfaces of an opera-tional 3G network. Using the Abry Veitch test and Variance Time Plots we find that the analyzed traffic is characterized by a non self-similar process for small time scales and strong self-similarity for larger time scales. The reasons for the time scale dependency of traffic self similarity are analysed in detail. We find that for smaller time scales the packet arrival times are independent explaining the weak correlation of the data. For larger timescales the arrival of TCP connections in the UMTS network can be considered independent. This property is intuitive because the only link where TCP connections could influence themselves is the channel originating at the mobile terminal. As a further finding we observe that the cut off point between weak and strong correlation is around the mean RTT of TCP flows.

Additionally, we propose a model which allows generating traffic similar to the measured UMTS traffic. The model contains only three parameters allowing to influence all observed changes in Log Diagram and Variance Time Plot. Comparing the output of the model with the real traffic traces we find that the model matches reality accurately.


Mobile Terminal Long Range Dependent Hurst Parameter Large Time Scale Small Time Scale 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucjan Janowski
    • 1
  • Thomas Ziegler
    • 2
  • Eduard Hasenleithner
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of TelecommunicationsAGH University of Science and TechnologyKrakówPoland
  2. 2.Telecommunications Research Center ViennaViennaAustria

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