Advertisement

DDDAS for Fire and Agent Evacuation Modeling of the Rhode Island Nightclub Fire

  • Alok Chaturvedi
  • Angela Mellema
  • Sergei Filatyev
  • Jay Gore
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3993)

Abstract

A Dynamic Data Driven Application System (DDDAS) was created to study interaction between fire and agent models during a fire evacuation. The analysis from that research can be used to validate proposed ideas in evacuation and building designs to ensure safety of buildings given various agent behaviors. Two separate models were used to simulate the components of the emergency situation: fire and agent. The independent models were able to run using data computed by the other interacting models, allowing careful examination of real-time interactions in a situation. Through study of the interactions, a better understanding is gained of how individual variables such as exit position and width affect the evacuation process and escape rate in the given scenario. Exits can be relocated and changed to quickly assess the effect on the model. The results can be used for improving building design and regulations as well as training first responders.

Keywords

Mixture Fraction Fire Dynamics Simulator National Fire Protection Association Fire Propagation Total Evacuation Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Foong, C., Armstrong, B., Dilley, D., Grahn, J., Krull, K., Chaturvedi, A., Gore, J., Filatyev, S.: Towards Enabling a Distributed and Scalable Society of Simulations. In: 2005 Spring Simulation Multiconference (SpringSim 2005) (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Grosshandler, W., Bryner, N., Madrzykowski, D., Kuntz, K.: Report of the Technical Investigation of The Station Nightclub Fire. NIST NCSTAR 2, vol. 1 (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    McGrattan, K., Forney, G.: Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 4). Users Guide. NIST Special Publication 1019 (2004), http://fire.nist.gov/fds
  4. 4.
    Prasad, K., Baum, H.: Coupled Fire Dynamics and Thermal Response of Complex Building Structures. In: Proc. Combust. Inst., vol. 30, pp. 2255–2262 (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Grosshandler, W., Bryner, N., Madrzykowski, D., Kuntz, K.: Report of the Technical Investigation of The Station Nightclub Fire: Appendices. NIST NCSTAR 2, vol. 2 (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Helbing, D., Farkas, I., Vicsek, T.: Simulating Dynamical Features of Escape Panic. Nature 407, 487–490 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    International Organization for Standardization: Life-threatening components of fire – Guidelines for the estimation of time available for escape using fire data (2002) (ISO/TS 13571:2002)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Purser, D.A.: Toxicity Assessment of Combustion Products. In: Dinenno, P.J. (ed.) SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, 2nd edn., Quincy, MA. National Fire Protection Association, pp. 85–146, Sec.2 (1995)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alok Chaturvedi
    • 1
  • Angela Mellema
    • 1
  • Sergei Filatyev
    • 2
  • Jay Gore
    • 2
  1. 1.Purdue Homeland Security InstitutePurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  2. 2.School of Mechanical EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

Personalised recommendations