3-D Numerical Modelling of Coastal Currents and Suspended Sediment Transport

  • Lale Balas
  • Alp Küçükosmanoğlu
  • Umut Yegül
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3991)


A three dimensional hydrodynamic and suspended sediment transport model (HYDROTAM-3) has been developed and applied to Fethiye Bay. Model can simulate the transport processes due to tidal or nontidal forcing which may be barotropic or baroclinic. The Boussinesq approximation, i.e. the density differences are neglected unless the differences are multiplied by the gravity, is the only simplifying assumption in the model. The model is also capable of computing suspended sediment distributions, amount of eroded and deposited sediment. It is a composite finite difference, finite element model. At three Stations in the Bay, continuous measurements of velocity throughout the water depth and water level were taken for 27 days. Model predictions are in good agreement with the field data.


Sediment Transport Suspended Sediment Suspend Sediment Concentration Coastal Current Suspended Sediment Transport 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Olsen, N.R.B.: Two-dimensional numerical modelling of flushing processes in water reservoirs. Journal of Hydraulic Research 37(1), 3–16 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Inoue, M., Wiseman Jr., W.J.: Transport mixing and stirring processes in a Louisiana Estuary: a model study. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 50, 449–466 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li, C.W., Gu, J.: 3D Layered-Integrated Modelling of Mass Exchange in Semi-Enclosed Water Bodies. Journal of Hydraulic Research 39, 403–411 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lin, B., Falconer, R.A.: Tidal Flow and Transport Modelling Using Ultimate Quickest Scheme. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 123, 303–314 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Garcia-Martinez, R., Saavedra, C.I., De Power, B.F., Valera, E.: A two-dimensional computation model to simulate suspended sediment transport and bed changes. Journal of Hydraulic Research 37, 327–344 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Balas, L., Özhan, E.: An implicit three dimensional numerical model to simulate transport processes in coastal water bodies. Int.Journal of Numerical Methods in Fluids 34, 307–339 (2000)MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Balas, L., Özhan, E.: Applications of a 3-D Numerical Model to Circulations in Coastal Waters. Coastal Engineering Journal 43, 99–120 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Balas, L.: Simulation of Pollutant Transport in Marmaris Bay. Chineese Ocean Engineering Journal 15, 565–578 (2001)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lale Balas
    • 1
  • Alp Küçükosmanoğlu
    • 1
  • Umut Yegül
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Civil Engineering DepartmentGazi UniversityMaltepe, AnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations