About the Determination of Key of a Musical Excerpt

  • Héctor Bellmann
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3902)

Abstract

Knowledge of the key of a musical passage is a pre-requisite for all the analyses that require functional labelling. In the past, people from either a musical or AI background have tended to solve the problem by means of implementing a computerized version of musical analysis. Previous attempts are discussed and then attention is focused on a non-analytical solution first reported by J.A.Gabura. A practical way to carry it out is discussed as well as its limitations in relation to examples. References are made to the MusicXML format as needed.

Keywords

key key change tonality dot product MusicXML surface features 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Rothgeb, J.: Simulating Musical Skills by Digital Computer. In: Schwanauer, M.S., Levitt, D.A. (eds.) Machine Models of Music, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass (1993)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gross, D.S.: A set of Computer Programs to aid in Musical Analysis. Ph.D Dissertation, Indiana University (1975)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Maxwell, H.J.: An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Computer-Implemented Analysis of Harmony in Tonal Music. PhD Dissertation, Indiana University (1984)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Maxwell, H.J.: An Expert System for Harmonizing Analysis of Tonal Music. In: Balaban, M., Ebcioglu, K., Laske, O. (eds.) Understanding Music with AI: perspectives on music cognition, AAAI Press/MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass (1992)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gabura, J.A.: Computer Analysis of Musical Style. In: ACM Proceedings of the 20th National Conference (1965)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gabura, J.A.: Music Style Analysis by Computer. In: Lincoln, H.B. (ed.) The Computer and Music, Cornell University Press, London, Ithaca (1970)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Budge, H.: A Study of Chord Frequencies Based on the Music of Representative Composers of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Ph.D. Dissertation. Columbia University (1943)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ottman, R.W.: Advanced Harmony. Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey (1972)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Longuet-Higgins, H.C.: Mental Processes. Studies in Cognitive Science. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1987)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Héctor Bellmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Information Technology Innovation, Faculty of Information TechnologyQUTBrisbaneAustralia

Personalised recommendations