Multi-modal Virtual Environments for Education: From Illusion to Immersion

  • Emmanuelle Richard
  • Angèle Tijou
  • Paul Richard
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3942)


A multi-modal Virtual Environment that provides human-scale haptic feedback is described. User’s immersion is achieved using a large rear-projected stereoscopic screen, a 5.1 audio system, and fan-based olfactory displays. An educational Virtual Reality application that allows students to experiment the electron bound state in the Bohr atom model and the quantification of the energy levels through the haptic channel, is presented. This application can be run in both immersive and desktop configurations including haptic interaction, ranging from pseudo-haptic illusion to human-scale haptic immersion.


Virtual Reality Virtual Environment Force Feedback Haptic Feedback Interaction Technique 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emmanuelle Richard
    • 1
  • Angèle Tijou
    • 1
  • Paul Richard
    • 1
  1. 1.LISA, EA 4014Université d’AngersAngersFrance

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