Towards Versatile Document Analysis Systems

  • Henry S. Baird
  • Matthew R. Casey
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3872)


The research goal of highly versatile document analysis systems, capable of performing useful functions on the great majority of document images, seems to be receding, even in the face of decades of research. One family of nearly universally applicable capabilities includes document image content extraction tools able to locate regions containing handwriting, machine-print text, graphics, line-art, logos, photographs, noise, etc. To solve this problem in its full generality requires coping with a vast diversity of document and image types. The severity of the methodological problems is suggested by the lack of agreement within the R&D community on even what is meant by a representative set of samples in this context. Even when this is agreed, it is often not clear how sufficiently large sets for training and testing can be collected and ground truthed. Perhaps this can be alleviated by discovering a principled way to amplify sample sets using synthetic variations. We will then need classification methodologies capable of learning automatically from these huge sample sets in spite of their poorly parameterized—or unparameterizable—distributions. Perhaps fast expected-time approximate k-nearest neighbors classifiers are a good solution, even if they tend to require enormous data structures: hashed k-d trees seem promising. We discuss these issues and report recent progress towards their resolution.

Keyword: versatile document analysis systems, DAS methodology, document image content extraction, classification, k Nearest Neighbors, k-d trees, CART, spatial data structures, computational geometry, hashing


Training Sample Document Image Content Type Radius Search Synthetic Variation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henry S. Baird
    • 1
  • Matthew R. Casey
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Science & Engineering DeptLehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA

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