Advertisement

On the Quest for Impartiality: Design and Analysis of a Fair Non-repudiation Protocol

  • J. Cederquist
  • R. Corin
  • M. Torabi Dashti
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3783)

Abstract

We design and analyze a simple optimistic fair non-repudia- tion protocol. Our protocol is considerably simpler and more efficient than current proposals, due mainly to the avoidance of using session labels. We model-check both safety and liveness properties. The safety properties are verified using a standard intruder, and the liveness properties using an intruder that respects the resilient communication channels assumption. Finally, to provide further confidence in the protocol, several vulnerabilities on weaker versions of our protocol are exposed.

Keywords

Model Checker Safety Property Trusted Third Party Liveness Property Fair Exchange 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Asokan, N.: Fairness in electronic commerce. PhD thesis, University of Waterloo (1998)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Asokan, N., Schunter, M., Waidner, M.: Optimistic protocols for fair exchange. In: 4th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, pp. 7–17. ACM Press, New York (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bella, G., Paulson, L.C.: Mechanical proofs about a non-repudiation protocol. In: Boulton, R.J., Jackson, P.B. (eds.) TPHOLs 2001. LNCS, vol. 2152, pp. 91–104. Springer, Heidelberg (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Boyd, C., Kearney, P.: Exploring fair exchange protocols using specification animation. In: Okamoto, E., Pieprzyk, J.P., Seberry, J. (eds.) ISW 2000. LNCS, vol. 1975, pp. 209–223. Springer, Heidelberg (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cederquist, J., Corin, R., Torabi Dashti, M.: On the quest for impartiality: Design and analysis of a fair non-repudiation protocol (extended version). Technical Report TR-CTIT-05-32, University of Twente, The Netherlands (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cederquist, J., Torabi Dashti, M.: An intruder model for verifying termination in security protocols. Technical Report TR-CTIT-05-29, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cervesato, I.: The Dolev-Yao Intruder is the Most Powerful Attacker. In: Halpern, J. (ed.) LICS 2001, Boston, MA, June 16–19, pp. 16–19. IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dolev, D., Yao, A.C.: On the security of public key protocols. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory IT-29(2), 198–208 (1983)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fernandez, J.-C., Garavel, H., Kerbrat, A., Mateescu, R., Mounier, L., Sighireanu, M.: CADP: A protocol validation and verification toolbox. In: Alur, R., Henzinger, T.A. (eds.) CAV 1996. LNCS, vol. 1102, pp. 437–440. Springer, Heidelberg (1996)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ferrer-Gomila, J., Payeras-Capella, M., Huguet i Rotger, L.: A realistic protocol for multi-party certified electronic mail. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Information Security, UK, pp. 210–219. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ferrer-Gomila, J.L., Rotger, L.H.: An efficient asynchronous protocol for optimistic certified mail. In: International Workshop on Cryptographic Techniques and E-Commerce (Cryptec) (1999)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Groote, J.F., Ponse, A.: The syntax and semantics of μCRL. In: Ponse, A., Verhoef, C., van Vlijmen, S.F.M. (eds.) Algebra of Communicating Processes 1994. Workshops in Computing Series, pp. 26–62. Springer, Heidelberg (1995)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gürgens, S., Rudolph, C., Vogt, H.: On the security of fair non-repudiation protocols. In: Boyd, C., Mao, W. (eds.) ISC 2003. LNCS, vol. 2851, pp. 193–207. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kremer, S., Markowitch, O., Zhou, J.: An intensive survey of non-repudiation protocols. Computer Communications 25(17), 1606–1621 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kremer, S., Raskin, J.: A game-based verification of non-repudiation and fair exchange protocols. In: Larsen, K.G., Nielsen, M. (eds.) CONCUR 2001. LNCS, vol. 2154, pp. 551–565. Springer, Heidelberg (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mateescu, R., Sighireanu, M.: Efficient on-the-fly model-checking for regular alternation-free mu-calculus. Sci. Comput. Program. 46(3), 255–281 (2003)zbMATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Meadows, C.: Formal methods for cryptographic protocol analysis: Emerging issues and trends. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communication 21(2), 44–54 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pagnia, H., Gärtner, F.C.: On the impossibility of fair exchange without a trused third party. Technical Report TUD-BS-1999-02, Darmstadt University (1999)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shmatikov, V., Mitchell, J.C.: Finite-state analysis of two contract signing protocols. Theoretical Computer Science 283(2), 419–450 (2002)zbMATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhou, J.: On the security of a multi-party certified email protocol. In: López, J., Qing, S., Okamoto, E. (eds.) ICICS 2004. LNCS, vol. 3269, pp. 40–52. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhou, J., Gollmann, D.: A fair non-repudiation protocol. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Research in Security and Privacy, Oakland, CA, pp. 55–61. IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (1996)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Cederquist
    • 1
  • R. Corin
    • 1
  • M. Torabi Dashti
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Twente 
  2. 2.CWI Amsterdam 

Personalised recommendations