Emotional Spectrum Developed by Virtual Storytelling

  • Nelson Zagalo
  • Ana Torres
  • Vasco Branco
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3805)


We have performed a quantitative study in order to find out the emotional spectrum of Virtual Storytelling in comparison with movies, taking into consideration the Russell’s emotional circumplex model. Via internet forums we gathered videogames that people considered to be capable of eliciting each of the seven basic emotions, distributed around the circumplex. From the 200 videogames collected, we chose 14, following the principle of the two most cited for each of the seven emotions. These videogames were then tested with 33 subjects. These results were compared with Gross & Levenson (1995) study on movies. We found that these videogames were capable of successfully eliciting emotions such as Surprise, Anger, Disgust and Fear. There is also evidence that Happiness could be elicited. It was not possible to verify the existence of Tranquility. The most problematic was Sadness, except when interactivity was absent and emotion propelled through cutscenes.


Basic Emotion Film Clip Discrete Emotion Movie Clip Circumplex Model 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nelson Zagalo
    • 1
  • Ana Torres
    • 1
  • Vasco Branco
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Communication and ArtUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal

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