Skip to main content

Analysis of the Suitability of Common Corpora for Emotional Speech Modeling in Standard Basque

  • Conference paper
  • 618 Accesses

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNAI,volume 3658)

Abstract

This paper presents the analysis made to assess the suitability of neutral semantic corpora to study emotional speech. Two corpora have been used: one having neutral texts that were common to all emotions and the other having texts related to the emotion. Subjective and objective analysis have been performed. In the subjective test common corpus has achieved good recognition rates, although worse than those obtained with specific texts. In the objective analysis, differences among emotions are larger for common texts than for specific texts, indicating that in common corpus expression of emotions was more exaggerated. This is convenient for emotional speech synthesis, but no for emotion recognition. So, in this case, common corpus is suitable for the prosodic modeling of emotions to be used in speech synthesis, but for emotion recognition specific texts are more convenient.

Keywords

  • Root Mean Square
  • Recognition Rate
  • Emotion Recognition
  • Speech Synthesis
  • Text Corpus

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This work has been partially funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (TIC2003-08382-C05-03). Authors would also like to thank all the evaluators that took part in the subjective evaluation process.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/11551874_34
  • Chapter length: 8 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   99.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-540-31817-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Campbell, N.: Databases of Emotional Speech. In: Proc. ISCA Tutorial and Research Workshop (ITRW) on Speech and Emotion. ISCA Archive, pp. 34–38 (2000)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Montero, J.M., Gutiérrez-Arriola, J., Colás, J., Enríquez, E., Pardo, J.M.: Analysis and Modelling of Emotional Speech in Spanish. In: Proc. ICPhS 1999, pp. 957–960 (1999)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Hozjan, V., Kacic, Z., Moreno, A., Bonafonte, A., Nogueiras, A.: Interface databases: Design and Collection of a Multilingual Emotional Speech Database. In: Proc. 3rd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, pp. 2019–2023 (2000)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Seppánen, T., Väyrynen, E., Toivanen, J.: Prosody-based classification of emotions in spoken Finnish. In: Proc. Eurospeech 2003, vol. 1, pp. 717–720 (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  5. Alvarez, J.L.: The Future of Standard Basque. Uztaro 11, 47–54 (1994)

    Google Scholar 

  6. Scherrer, K.R.: Vocal Communication of Emotion: A Review of Research Paradigms. Speech Communication 40, 227–256 (2003)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  7. Cowie, R., Cornelius, R.R.: Describing the Emotional States that Are Expressed in Speech. Speech Communication 40(1,2), 2–32 (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  8. Lay Nwe, T., Wei Foo, S., De Silva, L.: Speech Emotion Recognition Using Hidden Markov Models. Speech Communication 41(4), 603–623 (2003)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  9. Boula deMareüil, P., Célérier, P., Toen, J.: Generation of Emotions by a Morphing Technique in English, French and Spanish. In: Proc. Speech Prosody. Laboratoire Parole et Langage CNRS, Aix-en Provence, pp. 187–190 (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Enberg, I.S., Hansen, A.V., Andersen, O., Dalsgaard, P.: Design, Recording and Verification of a Danish Emotional Speech Database. In: Proc. 5th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, pp. 1695–1698 (1997)

    Google Scholar 

  11. Paeschke, A., Sendlmeier, W.F.: Prosodic characteristics of Emotional Speech; Measurements of Fundamental Frequency Movements. In: Proc. ISCA Workshop on Speech and Emotion. ISCA Archive, pp. 75–80 (2000)

    Google Scholar 

  12. Iida, A., Campbell, N., Higuchi, F., Yasumura, M.: A Corpus-based Speech Synthesis System with Emotion. Speech Communication 40(1,2), 161–187 (2003)

    MATH  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  13. Burkhardt, F., Sendlmeier, W.F.: Verification of Acoustical Correlates of Emotional Speech using Formant-Synthesis. In: Proc. ISCA Workshop on Speech and Emotion. ISCA Archive, pp. 151–156 (2000)

    Google Scholar 

  14. Iriondo, I., Guaus, R., Rodríguez, A., Lázaro, P., Montoya, N., Blanco, J.M., Bernardas, D., Oliver, J.M., Tena, D., Longhi, L.: Validation of an Acoustical Modelling of Emotional Expression in Spanish using Speech Synthesis Techniques. In: Proc. ISCA Workshop on Speech and Emotion. ISCA Archive, pp. 161–166 (2000)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2005 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this paper

Cite this paper

Navas, E., Hernáez, I., Luengo, I., Sánchez, J., Saratxaga, I. (2005). Analysis of the Suitability of Common Corpora for Emotional Speech Modeling in Standard Basque. In: Matoušek, V., Mautner, P., Pavelka, T. (eds) Text, Speech and Dialogue. TSD 2005. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 3658. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/11551874_34

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/11551874_34

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-28789-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-540-31817-0

  • eBook Packages: Computer ScienceComputer Science (R0)