Advertisement

A New Method for Auto-calibrated Object Tracking

  • Paul Duff
  • Michael McCarthy
  • Angus Clark
  • Henk Muller
  • Cliff Randell
  • Shahram Izadi
  • Andy Boucher
  • Andy Law
  • Sarah Pennington
  • Richard Swinford
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3660)

Abstract

Ubiquitous computing technologies which are cheap and easy to use are more likely to be adopted by users beyond the ubiquitous computing community. We present an ultrasonic-only tracking system that is cheap to build, self-calibrating and self-orientating, and has a convenient form factor. The system tracks low-power tags in three dimensions. The tags are smaller than AAA batteries and last up to several years on their power source. The system can be configured to track either multiple near-stationary objects or a single fast moving object. Full test results are provided and use of the system within a home application is discussed.

Keywords

Root Mean Square Augmented Reality Receiver Position Design Studio Ubiquitous Computing Technology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ward, A., Jones, A., Hopper, A.: A New Location Technique for the Active Office. IEEE Personnel Communications 4(5), 42–47 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Randell, C., Muller, H.: Low Cost Indoor Positioning System. In: Abowd, G.D., Brumitt, B., Shafer, S. (eds.) UbiComp 2001. LNCS, vol. 2201, pp. 42–48. Springer, Heidelberg (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    McCarthy, M., Muller, H.L.: RF Free Ultrasonic Positioning. In: Seventh International Symposium on Wearable Computers, October 2003, IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Priyantha, N.B., Chakraborty, A., Balakrishnan, H.: The Cricket Location-Support System. In: Mobile Computing and Networking, pp. 32–43 (August 2000)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mahajan, A., Walworth, M.: 3-D Position Sensing Using the Differences in the Time-of-Flights from a Wave Source to Various Receivers. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, 91–94,IEEE (2001)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Moré, J.J.: The Levenberg-Marquardt Algorithm: Implementation and Theory. In: Watson, G. (ed.). Lecture Notes in Mathematics, vol. 630, pp. 105–116. Springer, Heidelberg (1978)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ingber, L.: Very Fast Simulated Re-annealing. Mathematical Computing Modelling, 967–973 (1989)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gough, B.: GNU Scientific Library - Nonlinear Least Squares Fitting ch.36. Network Theory Ltd (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Duff, P., Muller, H.: Autocalibration Algorithm for Ultrasonic Location Systems. In: Proceedings of the Seventh IEEE International Symposium on Wearable Computers, October 2003, pp. 62–68. IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jolliffe, I.T.: Principal Component Analysis. Springer, New York (1986)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kalman, R.E.: A New Approach to Linear Filtering and Prediction. Journal of Basic Engineering (ASME) 82(D), 35–45 (1960)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ingber, L.: Adaptive Simulated Annealing (ASA), http://www.ingber.com/
  13. 13.
    Welch, G., Bishop, G.: SCAAT: Incremental Tracking with Incomplete Information. In: SIGGRAPH 1997 Conference Proceedings. Annual Conference Series (August 1997)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Foxlin, E., Harrington, M., Pfeifer, G.: Constellation: a wide-range wireless motion-tracking system for augmented reality and virtual set applications. In: Proceedings of the 25th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive, pp. 371–378. ACM Press, New York (1998)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Foxlin, E., Harrington, M., Altshuler, Y.: Miniature 6-DOF Inertial System for Tracking HMDs. In: Aerosense 1998, Orlando (April 1998)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Intersense Inc. Website (2003), http://www.isense.com/
  17. 17.
    Gaver, W., Boucher, A., Pennington, S., Walker, B.: Subjective Approaches to Design for Everyday Life. In: CHI Tutorial, Ft. Lauderdale, ACM Press, New York (2003)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gaver, W., Dunne, A., Pacenti, E.: Cultural Probes. Interactions Magazine VI(1), 21–29 (1999)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Processing. Website, http://www.processing.org/

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Duff
    • 1
  • Michael McCarthy
    • 1
  • Angus Clark
    • 1
  • Henk Muller
    • 1
  • Cliff Randell
    • 1
  • Shahram Izadi
    • 2
  • Andy Boucher
    • 3
  • Andy Law
    • 3
  • Sarah Pennington
    • 3
  • Richard Swinford
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of BristolU.K
  2. 2.Microsoft ResearchCambridgeU.K
  3. 3.Royal College of ArtU.K

Personalised recommendations