Advertisement

Eye-Movements as a Biometric

  • Roman Bednarik
  • Tomi Kinnunen
  • Andrei Mihaila
  • Pasi Fränti
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3540)

Abstract

We propose the use of eye-movements as a biometric. A case study investigating potentials of eye-movement data for biometric purposes was conducted. Twelve participants’ eye-movements were measured during still and moving objects viewing. The measured data includes pupil sizes and their dynamics, gaze velocities and distances of infrared reflections of the eyes. For still object viewing of 1 second duration, identification rate of 60 % can be obtained by using dynamics of pupil diameters. We suggest an integration of the eye-movement-based identification into general video-based biometric systems.

Keywords

Face Recognition Pupil Size Pupil Diameter Infrared Reflection Biometric System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Bolle, R., Connell, J., Pankanti, S., Ratha, N., Senior, A.: Guide to Biometrics. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brunelli, R., Falavigna, D.: Person identification using multiple cues. IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 17(10), 955–966 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brunelli, R., Poggio, T.: Face recognition: feature versus templates. IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 15(10), 1042–1052 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Duda, R., Hart, P., Stork, D.: Pattern Classification, 2nd edn. Wiley Interscience, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ifeachor, E.C., Lewis, B.W.: Digital Signal Processing - a Practical Approach, 2nd edn. Pearson Education Limited, Edinburgh Gate (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Just, M.A., Carpenter, P.A.: Eye fixations and cognitive processes. Cognitive Psychology 8, 441–480 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rayner, K.: Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research. Psychological Bulletin 124, 372–422 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ross, A., Jain, A.: Information fusion in biometrics. Pattern Recognition Letters 24, 2115–2125 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Verlinde, P., Chollet, G., Acheroy, M.: Multi-modal identity verification using expert fusion. Information Fusion 1(1), 17–33 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yang, M., Kriegman, D.J., Ahuja, N.: Detecting faces in images: a survey. IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 24(1), 34–58 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roman Bednarik
    • 1
  • Tomi Kinnunen
    • 1
  • Andrei Mihaila
    • 1
  • Pasi Fränti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of JoensuuJoensuuFinland

Personalised recommendations