Building Chinese Ancient Architectures in Seconds

  • Hua Liu
  • Qing Wang
  • Wei Hua
  • Dong Zhou
  • Hujun Bao
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3515)


Chinese Ancient Architecture (CAA) has a remarkable feature that its construction follows a set of rigorous constraints. Based on this property, we present a procedural approach for fast CAA modeling. Knowledge of the architecture construction is formalized as a set of rules and the primary features of buildings are parameterized to control the modeling process. By this approach, it is efficient and convenient to generate regular architectures or a class of architectures with a similar style. A system is implemented based on this idea. More than one hundred different buildings have been generated by a rule set comprising of about 120 rules.


Architecture Model Modeling Rule Semantic Rule Shape Grammar Conversion Rule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Przemyslaw, P., James, M., Měch, R.: Synthetic topiary. In: Glassner, A. (ed.) Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 1994, pp. 351–358. ACM Press, New York (1994)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Przemyslaw, P., Mündermann, L., Karwowski, R., Lane, B.: The use of positional information in the modeling of plants. In: Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2001, pp. 289–300. ACM Press, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Prusinkiewicz, P., Lindenmayer, A.: The algorithmic beauty of plants. Springer-Verlag, NewYork, Inc., New York (1990)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Parish, Y.I.H., Müller, P.: Procedural modeling of cities. In: Fiume, E. (ed.) Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2001, pp. 301–308. ACM Press, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stiny, G.: Introduction to shape and shape grammars. Environment and Planning B 7, 349–351 (1980)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Stiny, G.: Ice-ray: a note on Chinese lattice designs. Environment and Planning B 4, 89–98 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stiny, G., Mitchell, W.J.: The Palladian grammar. Environment and Planning B 5, 5–18 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Knight, T.W.: Designing with Grammars. In: Schmitt, G.N. (ed.) CAAD futures 1991, Computer-Aided Architectural Design, Verlag Viewag, Weisbaden, pp. 33–48 (1992)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Knight, T.W.: Color grammars: designing with lines and colors. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 16, 417–449 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wonka, P., Wimmer, M., Sillion, F., Ribarsky, W.: Instant Architecture. ACM Transactions on Graphics 22(3), 669–677 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Debevec, P.E., Taylor, C.J., Malik, J.: Modeling and rendering architecture from photographs: A hybrid geometry- and image-based approach. In: Rushmeier, H. (ed.) Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 1996, pp. 11–20. ACM Press, New York (1996)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Debevec, P., Yu, Y., Borshukov, G.: Efficient View-Dependent Image-Based Rendering with Projective Texture-Mapping. In: Proceedings of 9th Eurographics Workshop on Rendering, Vienna, Austria, pp.105-116. UC Berkeley Technical Report, UCB//CSD-98-1003 (June 1998)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sicheng, L.: Yingzao fashi zhushi [The annotated Yingzao fashi]. Zhongguo jianzhu gongye, Beijing (1983)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sicheng, L.: Liang Sicheng quan ji, ch. 4,6,7. Zhongguo jianzhu gongye, Beijing (2001)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hua Liu
    • 1
  • Qing Wang
    • 1
  • Wei Hua
    • 1
  • Dong Zhou
    • 1
  • Hujun Bao
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Lab of CAD & CGZhejiang University 

Personalised recommendations