Deception Across Cultures: Bottom-Up and Top-Down Approaches
This paper examines various approaches to analyzing differences in patterns of deception and how deception is evaluated across cultures. The approaches are divided into bottom-up approaches, which examine the foundations of culture and how they affect deception, and top-down approaches, which refer to models of deception and how their dynamics change across cultures. Considerations of the various approaches have led to a conclusion that the most comprehensive method for modeling deception across cultures would be to synthesize the two approaches, rather than consider them as opposing schools of thought.
KeywordsMoral Judgment Chinese Culture Moral Development Chinese Child Individualistic Culture
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