Structures Related to the Emplacement of Shallow-Level Intrusions

  • David Westerman
  • Sergio RocchiEmail author
  • Christoph Breitkreuz
  • Carl Stevenson
  • Penelope Wilson
Part of the Advances in Volcanology book series (VOLCAN)


A systematic view of the vast nomenclature used to describe the structures of shallow-level intrusions is presented here. Structures are organised in four main groups, according to logical breaks in the timing of magma emplacement, independent of the scales of features: (1) Intrusion-related structures, formed as the magma is making space and then develops into its intrusion shape; (2) Magmatic flow-related structures, developed as magma moves with suspended crystals that are free to rotate; (3) Solid-state, flow-related structures that formed in portions of the intrusions affected by continuing flow of nearby magma, therefore considered to have a syn-magmatic, non-tectonic origin; (4) Thermal and fragmental structures, related to creation of space and impact on host materials. This scheme appears as a rational organisation, helpful in describing and interpreting the large variety of structures observed in shallow-level intrusions.


Magma intrusion Magma flow Syn-magmatic deformation Fragmentation Geo-logic 



This work has been partially funded by Università di Pisa, grant PRA_2016_33 to SR.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Norwich UniversityNorthfieldUSA
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze della TerraUniversità di PisaPisaItaly
  3. 3.TU BergakademieFreibergGermany
  4. 4.University of BirminghamBirminghamUK
  5. 5.Kingston UniversityLondonUK

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